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Sport & Exercise Psychology Presentation based on a presentation created by Dr. Jack Watson and Dr. Ed Etzel, West Virginia University for Division 47,

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Presentation on theme: "Sport & Exercise Psychology Presentation based on a presentation created by Dr. Jack Watson and Dr. Ed Etzel, West Virginia University for Division 47,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Sport & Exercise Psychology Presentation based on a presentation created by Dr. Jack Watson and Dr. Ed Etzel, West Virginia University for Division 47, Sport and Exercise Psychology American Psychological Association

2 Todays Path… What is Exercise and Sport Psychology (ESP)? What is Exercise and Sport Psychology (ESP)? A little bit of ESP history A little bit of ESP history What are some of the roles of a ESP professional? What are some of the roles of a ESP professional? Where do ESPs work? Where do ESPs work? Why consult with an ESP? Why consult with an ESP? What are common services and interventions? What are common services and interventions?

3 What is Exercise and Sport Psychology (ESP)?What is Exercise and Sport Psychology (ESP)? The study of behavioral factors that influence and are influenced by participation in sport, exercise and physical activity The study of behavioral factors that influence and are influenced by participation in sport, exercise and physical activity The application of the knowledge gained through this study to everyday settings (e.g., amateur and elite sport, fitness and wellness settings, sports medicine, athletics, counseling, performing arts, business) The application of the knowledge gained through this study to everyday settings (e.g., amateur and elite sport, fitness and wellness settings, sports medicine, athletics, counseling, performing arts, business) The study of how participation in sport, exercise and physical activity may enhance personal development, well-being and mental health over the life span The study of how participation in sport, exercise and physical activity may enhance personal development, well-being and mental health over the life span

4 Overview of ESP ( A bit of history …) It is not a new field – it has been an area of scientific study for approximately 100 yearsIt is not a new field – it has been an area of scientific study for approximately 100 years Its roots are in physical education and coachingIts roots are in physical education and coaching Early research was conducted on cycling and audience effects by Norman Triplett in 1897Early research was conducted on cycling and audience effects by Norman Triplett in 1897

5 Overview of ESP ( A bit of history …) G. Stanley Hall reported on benefits of physical education in 1908G. Stanley Hall reported on benefits of physical education in 1908 Coleman Griffith has a sport psychology lab at University of Illinois in He studied personality, motor learning and motivation and also served as a consultant to major league baseball, the Chicago Cubs.Coleman Griffith has a sport psychology lab at University of Illinois in He studied personality, motor learning and motivation and also served as a consultant to major league baseball, the Chicago Cubs.

6 2 Major Professional Organizations 2 Major Professional Organizations APA Division 47 (Exercise & Sport Psychology) APA Division 47 (Exercise & Sport Psychology) [N=910, 2006] [N=910, 2006] AASP AASP Association for Applied Sport Psychology Association for Applied Sport Psychology [N=1236, 2006] [N=1236, 2006]

7 What do ESP Professionals do? Teaching (Many teach college; others teach as part of consultations and outreach including workshops, coaching) Teaching (Many teach college; others teach as part of consultations and outreach including workshops, coaching) Research (Some professional conduct research on topics such as anxiety, injury prevention, exercise adoption, retirement, coaching behaviors, athlete stress, recovery, mental health of athletes) Research (Some professional conduct research on topics such as anxiety, injury prevention, exercise adoption, retirement, coaching behaviors, athlete stress, recovery, mental health of athletes)

8 What do ESP Professionals do? Practice (Many ESP professionals are in private practice. They work counseling centers, sports medicine, wellness settings and health clubs.) Practice (Many ESP professionals are in private practice. They work counseling centers, sports medicine, wellness settings and health clubs.) Often there is a mix of these activities. Often there is a mix of these activities. There is no typical sport and exercise psychologist in this rapidly growing field There is no typical sport and exercise psychologist in this rapidly growing field

9 Where can you find an ESP? Private practice Private practice University and College counseling centers and athletic departments University and College counseling centers and athletic departments Sports medicine centers Sports medicine centers Elite sports academies Elite sports academies

10 Why would clients seek the services of an exercise and sport psychology professional ? Why would clients seek the services of an exercise and sport psychology professional ? To improve or optimize performance to help make performance more effective To improve or optimize performance to help make performance more effective To help overcome obstacles that prevent the reaching of potential To help overcome obstacles that prevent the reaching of potential To assist with adopting or maintaining an exercise program To assist with adopting or maintaining an exercise program To facilitate efficient/healthy functioning of sport or other teams (team building, conflict) To facilitate efficient/healthy functioning of sport or other teams (team building, conflict)

11 WHAT ARE SOME COMMON PERFORMANCE ENHANCEMENT ISSUES?

12 COMMON PERFORMANCE ENHANCEMENT ISSUES Perform more consistently up to potential Perform more consistently up to potential Set useful training & competition goals Set useful training & competition goals Prepare mentally and develop routines to better control thoughts & emotions Prepare mentally and develop routines to better control thoughts & emotions Manage energy (psyching up and down) Manage energy (psyching up and down)

13 More Issues Increase/maintain confidence Increase/maintain confidence Handle training & competition stress Handle training & competition stress Focus, attention, concentration, distraction Focus, attention, concentration, distraction Increase/maintain motivation Increase/maintain motivation Facilitate team cohesion/communication Facilitate team cohesion/communication

14 What are some common ESP interventions that professionals use to help their clients?

15 Performance Enhancement Interventions Cognitive-behavioral therapy Cognitive-behavioral therapy Self-talk Self-talk Cognitive restructuring Cognitive restructuring Refuting irrational thinking Refuting irrational thinking Thought stopping Thought stopping

16 More PE Interventions Imagery and visualization Imagery and visualization Mental practice Mental practice Attention control training Attention control training Biofeedback Biofeedback

17 More PE Interventions Transferable Life Skills Transferable Life Skills Time managementTime management Goal settingGoal setting Communication skillsCommunication skills Self-AwarenessSelf-Awareness

18 ESP Career Possibilities APA Division 47 Exercise and Sport Psychology Tracks I-IV

19 APA D47 Welcome to Division 47, Exercise and Sport Psychology, founded in Division 47 represents an exciting and quickly developing specialization that cuts across psychology and the sport sciences. Through the Division, scientists and practitioners with a common interest have the opportunity to interact and to further their personal and professional capabilities.

20 Career Possibilities in ESP TRACK I TEACHING/RESEARCH IN SPORT SCIENCES AND WORK WITH ATHLETES ON PERFORMANCE ENHANCEMENT TRACK I TEACHING/RESEARCH IN SPORT SCIENCES AND WORK WITH ATHLETES ON PERFORMANCE ENHANCEMENT Full or Part-time teaching area institutions (HS, college, university, sports med) Full or Part-time teaching area institutions (HS, college, university, sports med) Part-time consulting Part-time consulting

21 Career Possibilities in ESP TRACK II TEACHING/RESEARCH IN PSYCHOLOGY AND ALSO INTERESTED IN WORKING WITH ATHLETES TRACK II TEACHING/RESEARCH IN PSYCHOLOGY AND ALSO INTERESTED IN WORKING WITH ATHLETES Full or Part-time teaching area institutions (HS, college, university, sports med) Full or Part-time teaching area institutions (HS, college, university, sports med) Part-time consulting Part-time consulting

22 Career Possibilities in ESP TRACK III PROVIDE CLINICAL or COUNSELING or PERFORMANCE ENHANCEMENT SERVICES TO VARIOUS POPULATIONS, INCLUDING ATHLETES TRACK III PROVIDE CLINICAL or COUNSELING or PERFORMANCE ENHANCEMENT SERVICES TO VARIOUS POPULATIONS, INCLUDING ATHLETES Private practice Private practice University counseling centers & athletic departments University counseling centers & athletic departments Sports medicine clinics Sports medicine clinics

23 Career Possibilities in ESP TRACK IV HEALTH PROMOTION & WORK WITH ATHLETES BUT NOT NECESSARILY DIRECTLY IN SPORT PSYCHOLOGY TRACK IV HEALTH PROMOTION & WORK WITH ATHLETES BUT NOT NECESSARILY DIRECTLY IN SPORT PSYCHOLOGY Health clubs Health clubs Health organizations Health organizations Community organizations Community organizations

24 How DO You Become a Sport Psychologist? Earn an undergraduate degree, preferably in clinical/counseling psychology with coursework in the sport sciences. Earn an undergraduate degree, preferably in clinical/counseling psychology with coursework in the sport sciences. Earn a graduate degree, ultimately a doctorate. Earn a graduate degree, ultimately a doctorate. Examine the Division 47 Proficiency in Sport Psychology to identify prerequisite skills and knowledge Examine the Division 47 Proficiency in Sport Psychology to identify prerequisite skills and knowledge Join professional organizations as a student, especially Division 47. Join professional organizations as a student, especially Division 47. Attend sport psychology conferences and read sport psychology journals. Attend sport psychology conferences and read sport psychology journals. Get some research experience. Get some research experience. Get competitive experience at some level. Get competitive experience at some level.

25 For more information Go to /div47.html and Go to /div47.html and /div47.html /div47.html


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