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BlazeSports Institute for Applied Science CDSS Level II Curriculum 1.

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Presentation on theme: "BlazeSports Institute for Applied Science CDSS Level II Curriculum 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 BlazeSports Institute for Applied Science CDSS Level II Curriculum 1

2 Headstrong: Sport Psychology and Mental Skills Training 2

3 Objectives Review the origins and development of sport psychology and mental skills training from inception to present. Dispel myths associated with sport psychology and mental skills training. Define sport psychology, mental skills training and clinical versus educational sport psychologist. 3

4 Objectives Understand the objectives of sport psychology and mental skills training. Define various methods and skill within sport psychology and mental skills training. Understand the role of sport psychology and mental skills training within a holistic training program. 4

5 History Periods of Development Period 1 – The Early Years 1895 – 1920 Norman Triplett 5

6 History Periods of Development Period 2 – The Griffith Era 1921 – 1938 First Academic Sports Psychology Laboratory at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign Psychology of Coaching Psychology of Athletics 6

7 History Periods of Development Period 3 – Preparation for the Future 1939 – 1969 Franklin Henry 1938:Establishes graduate program in Psychology of Physical Activity 1965: First World Congress of Sport Psychology 7

8 History Periods of Development Period 4 – Establishment of Academic Sport Psychology 1966 – 1977 Bruce Ogilvie Applied Sport Psychology Consultants First Annual NASPSPA Conference 8

9 History Periods of Development Period 5 – Multidisciplinary Science and Practice in Sport and Exercise Psychology 1978 – 2000 Global Growth Applied Issues Qualitative Studies Exercise Psychology 9

10 History Periods of Development Period 5 – Multidisciplinary Science and Practice in Sport and Exercise Psychology 1978 – :Journal of Sport Psychology Established 1985:USOC hires first full-time sports psychologist 1986:American Association of Applied Sport Psychologists (AAASP) 10

11 History Periods of Development Period 5 – Multidisciplinary Science and Practice in Sport and Exercise Psychology 1978 – :APA Division 47 Developed 1989:Journal of Applied Sport Psychology 1991:AAASP establishes “certified consultant” designation 11

12 History Periods of Development Period 6 – Contemporary Sport and Exercise Psychology 2001 – Present Training and Educating Students Exercise Psychology Flourishes APA Div. 47 – Sport Psychology as a Specialized Competency Area 12

13 PST Vs MST Psychological (PST) Vs. Mental Skills Training (MST) Used interchangeably Possible negative connotation with PST Use of term Mental Skills Training can eliminate negative perceptions Opens door to larger client pool 13

14 Myths Psychological Skills Training (PST) is for “problem” athletes only. PST is for elite training only. PST provides “quick fix” solutions. PST is not useful. 14

15 What is Sport Psychology? The scientific study of people and their behaviors in sport and the practical application of that knowledge. 15

16 What is the objective of Sport Psychologists? Two Objectives Understand the effects of psychological factors on physical or motor performance. How does anxiety affect free throw shooting? Understand the effects of physical activity participation on psychological development, health and well being. Does running reduce anxiety and depression? 16

17 What is the objective of Sport Psychologists? Why? To understand and help Who? Elite athletes, children, persons who are physically or mentally disabled, seniors and average participants What? Achieve maximum participation, peak performance, personal satisfaction, and development through participation. 17

18 What is the objective of Sport Psychologists? How? Three Roles Teaching Consulting Research Two Specialties Clinical Sport Psychologist Treat clients with emotional disorders Educational Sport Psychologist Mental Coaches 18

19 What is Mental Skills Training? Systematic and consistent practice of mental skills for the purpose of enhancing performance, increasing enjoyment, or achieving greater sport and physical activity self-satisfaction. 19

20 What is the Objective of Mental Skills Training? To assist sport participants in the development of mental skills to achieve performance success and personal well-being. To have athletes effectively function on their own without needing constant direction from a coach or sport psychologist. 20

21 Why is MST Important? “Baseball is ninety percent mental. The other half is physical.” -Yogi Berra, Hall of Fame Catcher 21

22 Why is MST Important? Mental Toughness Focus Rebound from failure Cope with pressure Persist Realize internal locus of control 22

23 Why is MST Neglected? Three Basic Reasons Lack of Knowledge Misunderstanding About Mental Skills Lack of Time 23

24 Skills Vs. Methods Skills Qualities to be obtained Methods Procedures or techniques used to develop skills 24

25 MST Methods Arousal Regulation Imagery Goal Setting Attention/Concentration 25

26 Skill Categories Foundation Achievement Drive Self-Awareness Productive Thinking Self-Confidence Performance Perceptual-Cognitive Skill Attentional Focus Energy Management 26

27 Skill Categories Personal Development Identity Achievement Interpersonal Competence Team Leadership Communication Cohesion Team Confidence 27

28 Summary Sport Psychology since 1895 Myths Clinical Vs. Educational Sport Psychologist Definitions & Objectives Methods and Skills Holistic Training Program 28

29 Resources Weinberg, R. S., & Gould, D. (2007). Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology (4th ed.). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics. Williams, J. M. (Ed.). (2006). Applied Sport Psychology: Personal Growth to Peak Performance (5th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw- Hill. 29

30 Questions?? 30


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