PSYCHOLOGY IS… The scientific study of the human mind and its effect on behavior
OBJECTIVES Understand the effects of psychological factors on physical and motor performance Understand the effects of physical activity participation on psychological development, health, and well-being
SCIENTIFIC METHOD Problem- Define the problem; Ask a question Observation- see what other people have already found out about it Hypothesis- What do you think is going to happen? Experiment- Design a way to test (experiment, survey, case study) the hypothesis Conclusion- What your experiment or study indicates
WAYS SPORT PSYCHOLOGY IS STUDIED Surveys Case Study Experiments
SURVEYS Problem: In a survey, you need two variables that are quantitative (meaning that they could have a range of scores) Observation: See what other surveys have said Hypothesis: Ask the question Experiment: Gather data; chart using a scatterplot to see if there is correlation Make a conclusion
LET’S TRY IT Problem: Are people who are taller happier? Observation: Why would anyone study that… Hypothesis: People who are taller will rate themselves as happier on a scale of 1-10 Experiment: Collect the data Conclusion:??????
CASE STUDY Observe someone’s behavior in-depth for a long period of time Really only gives insight into the individual
EXPERIMENTS Intended to show causation- one thing causes another Variables Independent- the item being altered Dependent- a result of the change Groups Experiment- the group being tested Control- the group used for comparison
LET’S TRY IT Problem: Are people faster as individuals or in a group? Observation: Triplett found that they are faster in a group Hypothesis: Students will perform a simple task faster when in competition with others Experiment: what are the two variables? What are the two groups? Conclusion:??????
WHY DO WE WANT SCIENTIFIC DATA Unbiased Data is controlled If it is an experiment, we can determine causation