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Sport Psychology: Past, Present and Future Jean Williams and Vikki Krane Chapter 1 Copyright © 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction.

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Presentation on theme: "Sport Psychology: Past, Present and Future Jean Williams and Vikki Krane Chapter 1 Copyright © 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction."— Presentation transcript:

1 Sport Psychology: Past, Present and Future Jean Williams and Vikki Krane Chapter 1 Copyright © 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of McGraw-Hill Education.

2 Sport Psychologists Study Motivation Violence Leadership Group Dynamics Exercise and psychological well- being Thoughts and feelings of athletes Other dimensions of participation in sport and exercise Copyright © 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of McGraw-Hill Education.

3 Focus of Applied Sport Psychology 1.Psychological factors that influence participation and performance in sport and exercise 2.Psychological effects derived from participation 3.Theories and interventions to enhance performance, participation, and personal growth Copyright © 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of McGraw-Hill Education.

4 History of Sport Psychology in North America Roots lie in antiquity Greek and Asian cultures The interdependence of mind and body The scientific foundation of modern sport psychology developed in the 1970s Kinesiology + Psychology Coleman Griffith an exception –active 1920’s to 1930’s The father of sport psychology Dorothy Yates an exception –active during 1930s-1950s Pioneer practitioner and researcher Copyright © 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of McGraw-Hill Education.

5 1965-1979: Birth of Sport Psychology and Supporting Organizations Clinical psychologists Bruce Ogilvie and Tom Tutko Problem Athletes and How to Handle Them (1966) Formation of first sport psychology professional organizations throughout the 1960s Research, conferences, journals…lots of NETWORKING Sport psychology on the rise in the 1970s Topics diverse and many target populations Applied work was discouraged Copyright © 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of McGraw-Hill Education.

6 1980s: Increased Research, Professional Growth, and Acceptance Emphasis on scientific credibility Push for field versus lab research Better documentation of the effectiveness of psychological interventions Increased attention to exercise and health psychology issues Used by the USOC Began addressing professional issues Copyright © 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of McGraw-Hill Education.

7 1990-2013: Progress in Research, Application, and Professional Issues Intervention research A time of emerging diversity in methods, paradigms, and epistemology Single-subject designs, qualitative studies, and a cultural turn Training sport psychology consultants Ethics Job market Teaching and research in sport sciences Teaching and research in psychology Consulting with athletes and other populations Applying sport psychology skills across diverse contexts Growth in exercise psychology Copyright © 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of McGraw-Hill Education.

8 History of Sport Psychology in Eastern Europe Pays considerable attention to the applied aspects of sport psychology Enhancing elite athletes’ performance through applied research and direct intervention Sport psychologists in Eastern Europe play an active role in the selection, training, and competitive preparation of athletes - facilitate the athlete’s quest for excellence Copyright © 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of McGraw-Hill Education.

9 History of Sport Psychology in Eastern Europe (cont.) Self-regulation training or psychic self-regulation in the 1950s Learned to voluntarily control bodily functions like: Heart rate Temperature Muscle tension Emotional reactions to stressful situations Practiced autogenic training, visualization, and autoconditioning Methods were systematically applied to the Soviet and East German sport programs in the 1970s Government-dictated research created some interesting opportunities Copyright © 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of McGraw-Hill Education.

10 Future Directions in North American Applied Sport Psychology More inclusive and diverse research questions and methods (problem-focused approach ) A cultural praxis approach to interventions Appropriate training of future sport psychologists Growth in specialization Job market will expand, but must be supplemented with nontraditional career options and consulting Greater acceptance of sport psychology within mainstream psychology Copyright © 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of McGraw-Hill Education.

11 Bright Futures for Sport Psychology! Copyright © 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of McGraw-Hill Education.


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