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The Roman House Domus et Villa et Aedes Extra Domum Outside: Usually white or beige Sometimes red (7 feet) covered in stucco (plaster) Domus and villa.

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Presentation on theme: "The Roman House Domus et Villa et Aedes Extra Domum Outside: Usually white or beige Sometimes red (7 feet) covered in stucco (plaster) Domus and villa."— Presentation transcript:

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2 The Roman House Domus et Villa et Aedes

3 Extra Domum Outside: Usually white or beige Sometimes red (7 feet) covered in stucco (plaster) Domus and villa and villa rustica Very few windows. Hard to tell which house was yours.

4 Supra Domum Roof: Terra cotta Tile

5 Tabernae Taberna: City houses had two rooms at the street which were rented out as a store. Sold all kinds of things: clothing, fruit, nuts, vegetables, clothing and accessories, phones, pots, lamps Most popular: Bread and wine

6 Tabernae

7 Tabernae

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14 Fauces Entrance way: Fauces (throat) Wooden door(s), iron bars Ianitor: slave who was the doorman Vestibulum: take off outer garments Cave Canem!

15 Fauces Cave Canem

16 Atrium Atrium: A large open room Main features: Impluvium and Compluvium: Hole in floor: Impluvium Hole in Roof: Compluvium Lararium: shrine of household gods Imagines: Death masks of ancestors Tile floor Murals or curtains

17 Atrium

18 Impluvium

19 Lararium

20 Lararium

21 Actual Romans at a Lararium

22 Ala \ Cubiculum Rooms off to the sides of Atrium: Alae: open multi purpose rooms, no wall. May be library, storage. Cubiculum: Bedrooms. Many had tiled floor with the tile showing where the bed went. Some divided in ¼ + ¾. Personal slave slept there. Murals: gods resting or being amorous.

23 Cubiculum

24 Triclinium Rooms off to the sides of Atrium: Triclinium (corner room) dining room to accommodate 9 people (3couches of three). Romans ate lying down on couches. Table in the middle. Murals: bucolic scenes, food production, cows, sheep food, gods banqueting Floor mosaic: food, fish, bones.

25 Triclinium layout

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28 Tablinum Tablinum: Paterfamilias main office Directly between Atrium and Peristylum at back of house. Enclosed by curtain (atrium side) and wooden doors (peristylum side)

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32 Floor Mosaics

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34 Back of the house Use andron to pass to the back of the house: Main feature: Peristylum: an open roofed courtyard with columns and with a garden and maybe water feature Peristylum surrounded by rooms: More cubicula: Bigger and cooler

35 Back of the house Culina: Kitchen: wood burning stove, pots, pans and toilet and (stairs to 2 nd floor) Only room normally to have window. (no chimney) Maybe 2 nd triclinium Posticum: 2 nd entrance to the house: for slaves and unimportant guests. Backwall: mural of garden.

36 Culina

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39 Fresco

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41 Peristylum

42 Insulae Insulae: Apartment bulidings Ground floor: tabernae 2 nd floor: bigger more expensive apartments All had steep steps 3,4,5 th floor: smaller apartments: one room for whole family

43 Insulae Great danger: built from wood; great fire hazard or collapse. Food: dangerous to cook: eat nuts, fruit, salad, bread Hot food: buy at a taberna No bathroom facilities: use a pot, dump out window or dump in sewer. Many buildings had awnings. Running water: at local fountain Bath at bath house

44 Insulae

45 Insulae

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47 Sewer System

48 Water fountain

49 Sewer System


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