Presentation on theme: "Art & Architecture of Pompeii and Herculanium"— Presentation transcript:
1 Art & Architecture of Pompeii and Herculanium House of PansaHouse of the VettiiVilla of the mysteriesHouse of the Faun“Harbour Scene from Stabiae“the Lost Ram“Perseus and Andromeda“Death of Penthius“The Trojan horsePortrait of Terentius neo & wifeDionysiac frieze villa of the MysteriesWall from Villa Publius Fannius SinistorPortrait of a WomanAlexander MosaicNilotic scene“Sorceress & client
2 79AD DESTRUCTIONburied under 10m of ash and remained so for 1700 yrs.A time capsule into the life of 1st century Romans in a holiday area of Campania.Pompeians didn’t become Roman citizens until 89BC and by 79ADRoman culture overlay the earlier culture of the Osci and Samnite tribes.Greeks had occupied the southern part of Italy since 5th century BCso there was an influence of Hellenism in Pompeii and Herculanium.
3 PUBLIC BUILDINGS:Temples, Basilicas (palaces). Fine decoration and architecturePRIVATE BUILDINGS:As today, homes reflected socio-economic status:Poor lived in high rise apartments (Insulae)in 4th century Rome there were of them housing more than ¾ of a million people.In Pompei (pop 20,000) the poor lived in flats above shops and richer houses.Wealthy lived in Domus(stand alone houses built around an open atrium – inward looking)or luxurious villae (grand with seaviews, terrace, porticoes, large windows) on the outskirts of town or surrounding countryside overlooking the bay of Naples.
4 The Elite DomusTypical elite houses evolved from Etruscan atrium-style houses, with the addition of Greek style peristyle (colonnaded) gardens.Usually were one floor, with a main reception room (atrium) surrounded by bedrooms (cubicula), dining room (triclinium), record room/office (tablinum).
6 The Roman domus DOMUS Upper rooms, often sublet to tenants. Impluvium - pool directly below roof openingTriclinium – summer dining room.Roof opening – letting in light (and rain)Exedra–outdoor sitting or eatingPeristylium – courtyard with trees, fountains, statues, surrounded by columns (colonnade)Oecus–spare room.Horta – gardenThe Roman domusCulina – KitchensTablinum – Study.Cubiculum – bedroomsAtrium – visitors roomTriclinium – dining room.Taberna – rented out shop or workplace.Fauces – or vestibulumDOMUSOuter Wall – Domus was inward facing.
7 Sample Plan of a Roman House (Domus) V vestibulum T tabernaC cubiculum/cubicula L latrinaA atrium Al alaeTa tablinum Cu culinaTri triclinium P peristyliumE exedra
11 House of Menander, View from Fauces to Peristyle Garden
12 The AtriumReception room, often with an opening in the ceiling with an impluvium below.Contained the family gods (Lares and Penates), imagines (masks of the ancestors), symbolic marriage bed.Women of the house (or their slaves) may have wool-worked there.
67 Houses of the PoorPoorer working people lived in rooms behind or above their places of work.The elite often rented out the front rooms of their houses, on either side of the entrances, for use as shops, workrooms, or restaurants, often with living space included.The lower classes also lived in apartment buildings (insulae).