Presentation on theme: "Salve lucrum! (Welcome $$$) Cave canem! (Beware of dog)"— Presentation transcript:
Salve lucrum! (Welcome $$$) Cave canem! (Beware of dog)
The floor in the vestibulum often had a tiled mosaic with messages for the visitor like The floor in the vestibulum often had a tiled mosaic with messages for the visitor like Have! (Greetings!)
Villa Romana Home for upper-class citizens. Poor people lived in very tiny, cramped apartments. Poor people lived in very tiny, cramped apartments. Front view of a villa Romana (reconstruction)
Model of villa Romana from the back. Model of a typical insula or apartment building. Where the poor lived. Upper floors were made of wood=fire hazard people in one of two rooms=disease/filth.
1. Atrium: formal room for receiving guests. Roman atrium
2. Peristylum: open area with in the center of the house. Contained a small garden.
3. Vestibulum: A Roman house did not open directly onto the road, but into a small passage way, the vestibulum, the corridor which led from the main door onwards into the atrium was called the fauces (#4)
5. Impluvium: pool in the middle of the atrium for catching and storing rainwater.
6. Alae: spare rooms with no specific use. 6. Alae: spare rooms with no known purpose. Triclinia (plural of triclinium) 7.Triclinium: dining room. Romans reclined and ate in these rooms. A large house would often have several triclinia. Lectus Romans reclined while they ate. They lay on lecti which were covered with cushions.
8. Tablinum: a large, open reception room connected to the atrium. Tablinum The tablinum is where the pater familias (Roman father) would conduct his daily business, meeting business associates, etc.
9. Exedra: large dining and party room. The walls were often decorated with garden themes. Mosaic from the floor of an exedra.
10. Taberna: large room on the front of the house with no access to the interior. Often used as shops, storage areas, even apartments for the poor. 10. Taberna: large room on the front of the house with no access to the interior. Often used as shops, storage areas, even apartments for the poor. Reconstruction of a Roman house with tabernae in the front. View of the ruins of a Roman house with tabernae in the coastal town of Herculaneum.
11. Cubiculum: cubicula (pl.) were mainly used as bedrooms. Reconstruction of Roman cubiculum. Cubicula were often painted to make them seem larger or more elaborate.
12. Andron: passageway from the atrium to the peristylum. 13. Posticum: entrance used by slaves or members of the household if they were trying to sneak around. 14. Bathroom 15. Culina: kitchen