6 Villa Romana Home for upper-class citizens. Poor people lived in very tiny, cramped apartments.Front view of a villa Romana (reconstruction)
7 Model of villa Romana from the back. Model of a typical “insula” or apartment building.Where the poor lived.Upper floors were made of wood=fire hazard.8-10 people in one of two rooms=disease/filth.
8 1. Atrium: formal room for receiving guests. Roman atrium1. Atrium: formal room for receiving guests.
9 2. Peristylum: open area with in the center of the house 2. Peristylum: open area with in the center of the house. Contained a small garden.
10 Vestibulum: A Roman house did not open directly onto the road, but into a small passage way, the vestibulum, the corridor which led from the main door onwards into the atrium was called the fauces (#4)
12 5. Impluvium: pool in the middle of the atrium for catching and storing rainwater.
13 Alae: spare rooms with no specific use. 6. Alae: spare rooms with no known purpose.Triclinium: dining room. Romans reclined and ate in these rooms. A large house would often have several triclinia.Romans reclined while they ate. They lay on lecti which were covered with cushions.Triclinia (plural of triclinium)Lectus
14 8. Tablinum: a large, open reception room connected to the atrium. The tablinum is where the pater familias (Roman father) would conduct his daily business, meeting business associates, etc.Tablinum
15 9. Exedra: large dining and party room 9. Exedra: large dining and party room. The walls were often decorated with garden themes.Mosaic from the floor of an exedra.
16 10. Taberna: large room on the front of the house with no access to the interior. Often used as shops, storage areas, even apartments for the poor.View of the ruins of a Roman house with tabernae in the coastal town of Herculaneum.Reconstruction of a Roman house with tabernae in the front.
17 Cubiculum: cubicula (pl.) were mainly used as bedrooms. Cubicula were often painted to make them seem larger or more elaborate.Reconstruction of Roman cubiculum.
18 Andron: passageway from the atrium to the peristylum. Posticum: entrance used by slaves or members of the household if they were trying to sneak around.BathroomCulina: kitchen