Presentation on theme: "Roman Villas Lesson Objectives"— Presentation transcript:
1Roman Villas Lesson Objectives To understand what Roman Villas were like.To understand the type of things the Romans did in their villas.This lesson plan/PowerPoint are adapted from (sharemylesson) TES
2Starter activity Does anybody know what this image is? Do you know why Romans might have had it in their villas?Can you explain how it worked?
4What is a Roman Villa?A Roman villa is a villa that was built or lived in during the Roman Empire.A villa was originally a Roman country house built for the upper class.Wealthy Romans often owned a house in the country as well as one in the town.Poorer Roman citizens lived in flats in busy towns these flats were not as nice.
5Poorer Romans lived in blocks of flats called insulae Ostia roman city outside Rome. Shops on ground floor with removable/sliding wooden doors. Paved roads. Flats above shops up to 5 stories. Built of brick. The higher up the cheaper the flat due to the threat of fire and the stairs that you had to climb down to get anything including water.
6Why did the Romans have villas? Wealthy Romans had a villa for two reasons:To escape the bustle of the cityIt was also a farmhouse were slaves worked the land and produced crops which brought their master wealth.
7What was a Roman Villa like? Villas were usually decorated with expensive floor or wall mosaicsThey used wall paintings called frescos to decorate the villas.The villas were often big and had lots of different roomsMany villas also had a hypocaust system which was like a central heating system.A room as a shrine to the gods
8Richer Romans decorated their houses with mosaics on the floor. 2nd Century A.D. Excavated near Antioch (modern Antakya, Turkey). Metropolitan Museum of Art
9Fresco wall painting in a cubiculum (bedroom) from the Villa of P Fresco wall painting in a cubiculum (bedroom) from the Villa of P. Fannius Synistor at Boscoreale, ca. 40–30 B.C.; Late Republican The window may have had glass between the iron bars
10meeting room called ‘atrium Kitchen Grand entrance hallmeeting room called ‘atriumKitchenA reception roomStorage roomsSlave living area.Study roomRooms in a roman villaCourtyard with pool and garden calledperistylumBathroomsDinning room called ‘tricliniumLots of bedroomsPrayer room to worship the Gods
11WHAT SORT OF HOUSE DO THESE DESCRIPTIONS FIT? Make a table in your books of where they would beRoman Villa Roman Flats6) Has a large beautifulHall called an Atrium1) Not connected to sewers,waste dumped into thestreet7) No running water orHeating System4) Really small, only roomFor a bed and a table2) Poorly built, in danger ofCollapsing or catching fire.8) Has a Peristyle ( garden)With a grass lawn andPool with pillars3) Connected to the waterSystem, slaves can fetchWater easily5) Has an outside toiletConnected to the sewersystem
15Entertaining guestsOwners of the villa would often invite guests round to eat and relaxOwners of the villa and their guests led very comfortable lives.When entertaining, a wealthy family could serve a meal with eight or nine courses!Food would be served such as doormouse, pheasant or partridge
16What did the Romans do when Entertaining People ate in a half lying position scooping up food with bread or their fingers.They did not use knives and forks.People who were full sometimes left the room to make themselves vomit, then came back and carried on eating – yeuch!!
17Many people had shrines in their houses with a figure of their favourite god. They believed it was important to keep the gods happy with gifts or statues.Shrine from the House of the Vettii, Pompeii. (Rome: AICT)
18Describe it in as much detail as possible. Describe a Roman villa.Describe it in as much detail as possible.
19Questions Why did wealthy Romans own a villas? What are some of the things the Romans did in their villas?Name three rooms in a Roman villa and say what the Romans might have used this room for.Do you think Roman villas were extravagant? Explain why you think this.Would you have liked to live in a Roman villa? Why/Why not?
20Your taskCreate an advertisement in your books describing your Roman Villa.Make your villa sound as attractive as possible. You should talk about the good things and leave out the bad things!
21Things you can write about Things you can write about to sell your villaWrite about how big it is and talk about all the land you have.Talk about the decorations in the villa such as mosaics and wall paintingsTalk about the hypocaust systemTalk about the location in a peaceful area but near the roman baths and other places of interest.