Presentation on theme: "Assessment Adapted from text Effective Teaching Methods Research-Based Practices by Gary D. Borich and How to Differentiate Instruction in Mixed Ability."— Presentation transcript:
1 AssessmentAdapted from text Effective Teaching Methods Research-Based Practices by Gary D. Borich and How to Differentiate Instruction in Mixed Ability Classrooms by Carol Ann Tomlinson and The Successful Classroom: Training Teachers to Succeed by Region 4 Educated Solutions
2 Purpose of AssessmentAssessment is a very important piece in a standards-based educational system because, when used properly, it is the tool that illustrates whether learning has taken place and allows the teacher to take corrective action early in the learning process.
3 What is Assessment? Assessment IS: Assessment is NOT: Determined and presented to students prior to instructionConducted throughout learning processCommunicates effectiveness of teachingDocuments student masteryIllustrates student reasoningDiagnoses student strengths/weaknessesA way for teacher to determine the need for re- teachingCommunicated clearly to students and parentsAssessment is NOT:An afterthought to an instructional activityUsed as an intimidator to motivate studentsDesigned to trick or fool a studentUsed as a punishment for off-task behaviorIntended to provide a grade and nothing elseKept private from students & parents
4 Types of assessment Diagnostic Assessment Formative Assessment There are 3 types of assessment, each having its own purpose. All 3 should be used to provide authentic classroom assessment.Diagnostic AssessmentFormative AssessmentSummative Assessment
5 Diagnostic Assessment Provides teacher information on student’s prior knowledge on subject to be taughtProvides teacher information on any misconceptions prior to beginning learning activityAllows teacher to modify teaching approachesIdentifies students who may be at risk and need intervention
6 Formative assessment Given throughout the learning process Provides immediate feedback to make instructional decisionsProvides partnership between teacher and student when used in conjunction with specific, timely, and corrective feedbackAcademic grades are not taken during this phase
7 Teacher ReflectionThese are questions that the teacher can ask themselves at the end of each day to assess the day’s objectives:Were the students successful in meeting the day’s objective(s)?What data or evidence do you have to support your decision?What went as you had anticipated?What problems did you encounter and what will you do to make changes for future lessons?
8 Summative assessmentCumulative evaluation given at the end of an instructional unitDetermines if students have mastered specific competenciesIdentifies instructional areas that need more attentionExamples include:State mandated tests (TAKS)District Benchmark testsEnd of unit/chapter tests
9 Types of Summative Assessments Objective Test ItemsTrue/False ItemsMatching ItemsMultiple-Choice ItemsHigher-Level Multiple-Choice ItemsEssay Test ItemsExtended-Response QuestionsRestricted-Response Questions**There are advantages and disadvantages to all these tests and careful consideration should be given to the format you choose. Above all, you must ensure that it is a fair assessment that matches your instruction and an explanation of how the assessment will be scored is made clear.**
10 Marks and Grading Systems Based on comparisons, usually comparisons of students with one or more of the following:Other studentsEstablished standardsAptitudeAchievement versus effortAchievement versus improvement
11 Preparing Students for Standardized Tests (TAKS) Focus on the Task, not your feelings about itStudents’ promotion depends on passingYour teaching position can be affected by scoresInform students and parents about importance of testExplain the reason for taking the test and the relevance to their learningTeach Test-Taking SkillsThere is an element of skill to test taking that affects student performanceRespond to student questions open & directlyPrevents anxietyTake advantage of preparation materialsState provides practice tests
12 The Portfolio Working Portfolio: Display Portfolio: Students include works that are in progress of being polished for a display or assessment portfolioDisplay Portfolio:Student selects his/her best work from working portfolio. Teacher aids student in learning to critically judge the works.Assessment Portfolio:Teacher is primary audience of portfolio. Contains a collection of work from the display and working portfolio
13 Why Use Product Assignments? Allows individuals or groups to rethink, use, and extend what they have learned over a period of timeElement of the instruction that students can “own”Excellent way of assessing student knowledge, understanding, and skill
14 creating a powerful product assignment Identify essential objectives of the lessonIdentify one or more formats for productDetermine quality expectations:ContentProcessProductDecide on scaffolding needed to promote success:Brainstorming for ideasTime linesRevising editingDevelop product assignment that tells student:Show you understand and can do these thingsProceeding through these stepsIn this formatAt this level of qualityDifferentiate based on student readiness, interest, and learning profileCOACH for success
15 Product possibilities ProductsDesign web pageDevelop an exhibitWrite poemConduct training sessionPresent a news reportCreate a recipeDo a puppet show
16 Differentiating products For Struggling LearnersIntegrate skills and goals from individualized education plan (IEPs)Give product assignment in smaller incrementsProvide organizers that guide students through stepsSupport students in finding appropriate resourcesMake sure student has access to material in their primary languageFor Advanced LearnersBe sure learner is being stretched forward on a number of learning materialsConsider having student study issues across time periods, disciplines, or culturesConsider using mentors who know the area of study at an advanced levelWork with student to develop criteria for expert level content and production
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