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Evaluation Overview - Basics. Purpose of Testing Diagnostic Formative Summative.

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Presentation on theme: "Evaluation Overview - Basics. Purpose of Testing Diagnostic Formative Summative."— Presentation transcript:

1 Evaluation Overview - Basics

2 Purpose of Testing Diagnostic Formative Summative

3 Targets of Testing Knowledge Reasoning Skills Products Dispositions

4 Methods -1 Selection Items True-false Matching Multiple Choice

5 Methods -2 Supply Answers Completion Short Answer Essay

6 Methods -3 Performance Tests Performance of Understanding Performances of Expertise Professionalism

7 Methods -4 Direct Personal Communication Oral Exam Interview Conference Q & A Discussion Debate Observation

8 Quality Indicators Clear Targets Proper Method Proper Sample: Representative from which can be drawn Confident Inferences Interference Controlled re Bias & Distortion Clear Purpose

9 Referencing Norm [peers, others] Criterion [standard, criteria] Self [improvement over time, progress]

10 Tools for Objectivity Anecdotal records Checklists Rating scales Rubrics Exemplars

11 Methods of Organizing Testing Assessment stations Individual assessments Group assessments Contracts Self- & peer-assessments Expert [Teacher] assessment Portfolios

12 Ongoing Student Activities Written assignments Presentations Conferencing/interviewing Performance assessments Homework

13 Testing sampling behavior to determine what is there

14 Measurement Quantifying behavior to determine how much of the behavior is present

15 Assessment Collecting & displaying the evidence to determine the patterns present

16 Evaluation Making a judgment re the adequacy of the results

17 Blooms Taxonomy Knowledge Comprehension Application Analysis Synthesis Evaluation

18 Wiggins Facets of Understanding Explanation Interpretation Application Perspective Empathy Self-knowledge

19 Significant Understandings (Fink) Foundational Knowledge Application Integration – Connecting Human Dimension – Knowledge of Self & Others Motivation – Caring Learning How to Learn Metacognition – Thinking about Thinking

20 Assessment Continuum Traditional Assessment Informal Checks for Understanding Observation / Dialogue Quiz / Test Performance Assessments Academic Prompt Performance Task Authentic Task Long-Term Project Portfolio

21 Motivational Testing Teaching flows from testing. Teaching focuses on developing the knowledge, skills, and attitudes tests show the learner lacks. Success is seen as improvement, progress, mastery, innovation, creativity. Value is placed on EFFORT!

22 Motivational Testing One is satisfied with progress, mastery. Evaluation criteria are public, absolute, & evidence of progress. Errors are viewed as part of the growth process; errors are informational. Competence is viewed as developing through EFFORT.

23 Motivational Testing The motivational elements are: Attribution Theory: To what do we attribute our successes and failures? [Effort over ability, task difficulty, luck] Self-Efficacy Theory: What do we feel are our chances of succeeding with this task? [If reasonable, we will attempt it.]

24 Motivational Testing The motivational elements are: Goal Theory: What type of goals do I pursue: task, getting better, improving; or ability, being the best, top, No. 1? [Task goals provide reasonable targets; ability, often do not!]

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