Presentation on theme: "HACI BEKTAŞ VELİ SECONDARY SCHOOL. There are two types of Primary schools; Public Schools and Private Schools. A private school is usually referred to."— Presentation transcript:
There are two types of Primary schools; Public Schools and Private Schools. A private school is usually referred to as a "Kolej" in Turkish. Public Schools are free but Private Schools' admission fees change from school to school.
There are four core subjects at First, Second and Third Grades which are; Turkish, Maths, Life Knowledge and Foreign Language. At Fourth Grade, Life Knowledge is replaced by Science and Social Studies.
The foreign language taugh at schools changes from school to school. The most common one is English when some schools teach German, French or Spanish instead of English. Some private schools teach two foreign languages at the same time.
There are five core subjects at Fifth,Sixth and Seventh Grades; Turkish, Maths, Science, Social Studies and Foreign Language.At Eighth Grade, Social Studies is replaced by History.
The students also have music, art,P.E.,computer sciences,religious culture lessons
Ataturk Corner Every Turkısh school has this corner As he founded the Turkish Republic and he is the greatest leader of the Turks
PRINCIPLES REGULATING THE EDUCATION SYSTEM Our education principles have been based on these factors; - Education shall be national, - Education shall be Republican, - Education shall be secular, - Education shall have a scientific foundation, - Education shall incorporate generality and equality, - Education shall be functional and modern.
THE PURPOSE OF THE TURKISH EDUCATION SYSTEM The purpose of the Turkish Education System is to increase the welfare and happiness of the Turkish citizens and Turkish society, to support and facilitate economic, social and cultural development in national unity and integration and to make the Turkish nation a constructive, creative and distinguished in modern civilization
Primary Education Primary education is compulsory for all citizens, boys or girls, and is given free of charge in public schools. Primary education institutions are schools that provide four years of uninterrupted education, at the end of which graduates receive a primary education diploma
Prımary Educatıon Chidren start primary educatıon when they are sixty six months They have the same teacher for four years The first year they learn how to write and read So their lessons are based on Turkish But besides Turkish they learn the other lessons such as Maths,Social Sciences, P.E., Art, Music. In the forth degree they start to learn English as a foreign language
Secondary Education Gives four years uninterrupted education with the branches Turkish, English, Maths, Science and Technology, Social sciences, Physical Education, Religious Culture and Moral Issues, Music, Art. All of these branches have different teachers
School Life Children start at 8:30 ın the morning and finishes 2:45 ın the afternoon They have a break from 12:00 till 13:15 Our students who lives in the villages eat their lunch in the school. Their meals are prepared by catering agency.
School Life They do not pay anything for lunch.It is given by the government The students whose houses are nearby goes to their houses for lunch These students are taken from houses by buses and at the end of the school they are back to home with buses again
High school Public High Schools, the standard type Anatolian High Schools which traditionally provided more lessons in a selected foreign language (English, German or French) Imam-Hatip High Schools which have more lessons about religion and Arabic Science High Schools focusing on science education Social Sciences High Schools, Teacher High Schools, Police and Military High Schools, Vocational Schools, which focus on a certain type of profession (such as Tourism Vocational High Schools, Industrial Vocational High Schools, and Electrical Vocational High Schools; and finally, Private High Schools
High school The lessons taught in high schools' 9th and 10th grades are: Turkish language, Turkish literature, Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology,Geometry, Turkish History, Geography, English When students enter the 10th grade, they used to choose one of four tracks: Turkish language– Mathematics, Science, Social Sciences, and Languages. In Vocational High Schools, no tracks are offered, while in Science High Schools only the Science tracks are offered.
At the end of high school, following the 12th grade, students take a High School Finishing Examination and they are required to pass this in order to take the university entrance exam and continue their studies at a university. Exam scores are weighted to provide students in each track with different opportunities when entering higher education, as follows: Turkish language–Mathematics gives students an advantage when applying for International Relations, Law, Education, Psychology, Economy, Business Management, and the like. Science: weighted towards Engineering, Computer Science, Medicine, and other Science related professions. Social Sciences: History, Geography, and Education. Languages: Language/Linguistics and language teaching
Higher Education Among higher education institutions are universities, faculties, institutes, higher education schools, conservatories, vocational higher education schools and application-research centers Students have to pay for each term.And the fee depends on the university Public universities typically charge very low fees and foundations are highly. After the national university entrance examination, if they succeed, students continue with their studies at a university
Higher Educatıon University studies last between 2 and 4 years for the undergraduate level, and 2 or more years for the graduate level. Some universities also ask for an additional year of English preparatory study to be completed before the start of studies, unless a proficiency examination is passed.
Turkish universities actively participate in the Socrates - Erasmus program of the European Commission, aiming to increase student and academician mobility within the European Union, the European Economic Area countries, and the candidate countries of Bulgaria, Romania and Turkey. An increasing number of Turkish university students complete a part of their studies abroad at other participating countries' universities, and Turkish universities receive students of the same status from abroad.
ATATÜRK'S OPINIONS ABOUT EDUCATION The real salvatıon of a nation is to be successful in the national education affairs
Our objective in education is to raise citizens who shall increase the civil and social values and improve the economic power of the society.
Education must be free from all superstitions and foreign thoughts, be of high quality and have national values and a patriotic understanding.
Nevşehir is in the Central Anatolia Region.It is in the middle of Türkiye
Hacibektas is a typical central Anatolian town at about 46 km north of Nevsehir, near Cappadocia. The town looks very ordinary but its named after the Sufi philosopher Haci Bektas Veli who lived here in the 14th century.
He is one of the biggest philosophers and thinkers.He is the eponym of the Bektashi Sufi order and is considered as one of the principal teachers of Alevism.
Haci Bektas Veli wrote a number of works on mysticism with frequent references to verses from the Kuran. His ideas show us that he was a sincere and mature student of mysticism, his teachings address the ones heart, urge friendship and peace, he had infinite love for humans and animals, and a great tolerance. Today, these teachings are known as the Bektashi Order doctrines.
Hacı Bektaşi Veli is known for his great tolerance and humanitarian character, and his true love for Allah. He came to Anatolia to spread İslam from Nishapur(Khorasan). As it is seen in this picture he believes that a lion and a deer should be a friend not an enemy
The reputation of Haci Bektas spread into many countries, besides playing an important part in Turkish political and cultural history. After the Republic, all religious orders were viewed with suspicion and outlawed in 1925 by Atatürk, but Haci Bektas Velis mausoleum and the monastery are still visited by many people
After the entrance, there is a large courtyard where you can see Üçler fountain, symbolising the Creator (Allah), Mohammed (the Prophet) and Ali (the Caliph). Originally in this courtyard, there were also buildings accommodating the dervishes, stables for the horses of guests, barns, etc. In the second courtyard there is a pool, the Lion Fountain with the holy water, the Asevi (refectory), a hamam (baths), a guest house
. In the second courtyard there is a pool, the Lion Fountain with the holy water, the Asevi (refectory), a hamam (baths), a guest house, a mosque, kitchen, the Cem Hall where sacred ceremonies were held, and the kiosk where the lodges leader received guests.
He is one of the most important figures of Alevi (Alawi) order, a sect of Islam. Thus, the town is the sacred center of the Alevis in Anatolia. It is currently open as a museum and his resting place is still visited by both Sunni and Alevi Muslims. Large festivals are held there ın mid- August every year.
Archaeology & Ethnography Museum It was opened in 1988 in the center of the town, where you can find archaeological artifacts found during the excavations of Karahöyük and other ancient sites in the area. There is also a small Ethnography section where you can see traditional costumes, utensils, and kilims from the region.
CAPPADOCIA The name of Cappadocia dates from the late 6th century BC,Old Persian name is Katpatuka, which is of uncertain origin: the name could be genuine Old Persian, meaning the land of the beautiful horses.
In pre-Hellenistic times, Persians, Hittites Assyrians and Greeks all lived in Cappodocia. All of these groups were Hellenised in the era of the Greek city-states. During the Middle Ages, after the settlement of Armenians in the Cappadocian theme during the Byzantine era, numerous Turkish tribes invaded the region, which was subsequently settled by them. Since 1915-1922 Turkish people constitute the vast majority of the population of this region.
THE FAIRY CHIMNEYS The interesting rock formations, known as Fairy Chimneys, have been formed as the result of the erosion of tufa layer, sculpted by wind and flood water, running down on the slopes of the valleys. Water has found its way through the valleys
Hot-air ballooning is very popular in Cappadocia and is available in Goreme. Trekking is enjoyed in Ihlara Valley. The area is a popular tourist destination, as it has many areas with unique geological, historical, and cultural features
Fractures and collapses during earthquakes have added to erosion resulting in deep valleys and canyons. Sedimentary rocks formed in lakes and streams that erupted from ancient volcanoes approximately 9 to 3 million years ago underlie the Cappadocia region
Various types of Fairy Chimneys, are found in Cappadocia. Among these are those with caps, cones, mushroom like forms, columns and pointed rocks.
Cappadocia contains several underground cities, largely used by early Christians as hiding places before Christianity became an accepted religion. The underground cities have vast defence networks of traps throughout their many levels
These traps are very creative, including such devices as large round stones to block doors and holes in the ceiling through which the defenders may drop spears. These defense systems were mainly used against the Romans. The tunnel system also was made to have thin corridors for the Roman fighting strategy was to move in groups which was not possible to do in the thin corridors making it easy to pick them off.