Presentation on theme: "GÜLBAĞ SELIM SIRRI TARCAN PRIMARY SCHOOL ISTANBUL,TURKEY"— Presentation transcript:
1 GÜLBAĞ SELIM SIRRI TARCAN PRIMARY SCHOOL ISTANBUL,TURKEY CULTURAL BRIDGES TO THE FUTUREGÜLBAĞ SELIM SIRRI TARCAN PRIMARY SCHOOLISTANBUL,TURKEYPresented bySchool Counsellor Betül Tanacıoglu
2 EDUCATION SYSTEM OF TURKEY Presentation Outline:Principles regulating the education systemStructure of Education SystemFormal and Non-formal educationPurposes and education sytem of schools inTurkey
3 EDUCATION SYSTEM OF TURKEY PRINCIPLES REGULATING THE EDUCATION SYSTEMThe Turkish education system is organized on the basis of;Constitution of the Turkish Republic - Laws Regulating Education and Instruction - Government Programs - Development Plans - National Education CouncilsEducation for all citizens without any discrimination for gender, identity, nationality, religious beliefs, race etc.
4 EDUCATION SYSTEM OF TURKEY General Structure of Turkish National Education SystemTurkish National Education System has two mainparts:1. Formal Education2. Non-formal Education
5 EDUCATION SYSTEM OF TURKEY 1. Formal education: It is regular education provided informal schools with programs prepared for definedpurposes.In Turkish National Education System, formal educationconsists of these parts:Pre-SchoolsPrimary SchoolsSecondary SchoolsHigh SchoolsUniversities (undergraduate and graduate programs)
6 EDUCATION SYSTEM OF TURKEY 2. Non- formal education:Purposes of Non-formal education:to teach reading-writing,to provide continuing education opportunities for students to finish their incomplete educationto provide education opportunities that shall facilitate the students' adaptation to scientific, technologic, economic, social and cultural developmentsto teach people from various professions, the knowledge and skills they need to improve themselvesto provide the habit of using one's free time in a useful wayTools used for non-formal education are:Public TrainingApprenticeship EducationDistance Education
7 EDUCATION SYSTEM OF TURKEY Formal Education system is centralized-in everygrade lessons, books, elective courses etc. are decided by the ministry of education.Compulsory education is 12 years(4+4+4) since this year (2012).Preschool education is still optional.Language of instruction is Turkish.
8 EDUCATION SYSTEM OF TURKEY Preschool in TurkeyFor children who are between 37 and 66 months of ageChildren spend 4 hours in the schools.Purposes of preschool :to ensure physical, mental and sensory development of children and the acquisition of good habits,to prepare children for primary education,to create a common atmosphere of growth for those living in inconvenient circumstancesto ensure that Turkish is spoken correct and well.
9 EDUCATION SYSTEM OF TURKEY Primary school in Turkey (1-2-3 and 4rd grades)Children who are older than 66 months are registeredfor the nearest school to their home by the help ofe-school which is used for the registration of students, for the information about students like their grades, or their absenteeism, demographic information etc.For the registration of children who are between 61and 66 months of age, the consent of their parents is necessary.
10 EDUCATION SYSTEM OF TURKEY Types of Primary Schools:Public Primary SchoolsRegional Boarding Primary SchoolsPrimary schools for the Hearing-ImpairedPrimary schools for the Visually-ImpairedPrimary schools for the Orthopedically DisabledPrimary schools for the Mentally RetardedPrivate Turkish, Foreign, Minority, International Primary schools
11 EDUCATION SYSTEM OF TURKEY Secondary Schools in Turkey (5-6-7 and 8th grades)Registration for secondary school is done automatically by the help of e-school.In secondary school, students began to take elective courses like creative drama activities, advanced mathematic, computer and information technologies, art history, science of space. Students can choose their elective courses freely.
12 EDUCATION SYSTEM OF TURKEY The secondary education program includes:Turkish language and literature, mathematics, social studies, science, civics and human rights, the history of the Turkish Republic and Atatürk's reforms, a foreign language (English, French or German), individual and group activities, religious culture and ethics, art/handicraft, music, physical education, traffic safety and first aid,ICT (information and computer technologies) career guidance, and elective courses.
13 EDUCATION SYSTEM OF TURKEY After secondary school, students take an achievement test. Students are placed in to the schools according to grades they take and the choices they make.
14 EDUCATION SYSTEM OF TURKEY High school is 4 years. For the high school, there are many choices a students have;High schools of scienceIn these schools, science lessons are the majority and students who get their high school diplomas from these schools continue their university at the departments of engineering, medicine, architecture etc.Anatolian High schoolsIn these schools, students make another choice at the end of the 9th grade to specialize in an area like foreign languages, natural and applied science, Turkish and mathematics or social sciences.
15 EDUCATION SYSTEM OF TURKEY Vocational High schols:Health vocational high school: It includes departments like nursing, anesthesia, emergency maintenance technician, medical secretary and so on. Students can find jobs after high school. Also, they have the chance to complete their undergraduate without taking university entrance exam.
16 EDUCATION SYSTEM OF TURKEY Other types of high schools in Turkey:Fine Arts schoolsTeacher training schoolsVocational and Technical High schoolsVocational schools for industryTechnical schoolsVocational schools for girlsTechnical schools for girlsReligious high schools
17 STUDENTS’ GUIDANCE AND VOCATIONAL EDUCATION PROCESS ???9 th GRADEACADEMIC EDUCATION IN GENERALHIGH SCHOOLS (High schools of science, Anatolian high schools etc.)ACADEMICEDUCATIONTRAINING IN JOBTRAINING IN CHOSEN OCCUPATIONTRAINING IN OCCUPATION9 th GRADEVOCATIONALEDUCATION
18 EDUCATION SYSTEM OF TURKEY UNIVERSITIES AND HIGHER EDUCATIONAfter high school, students take another exam-university entrance exam by which students are evaluated on the basis of mathematics, Turkish, science lessons, history and geography.There are 168 universities-103 government universities and 65 private universities
19 ONGOING STUDIES IN TURKISH NATIONAL EDUCATION SYSTEM EDUCATION SYSTEM OF TURKEYONGOING STUDIES IN TURKISH NATIONAL EDUCATION SYSTEMUpdating the curriculaIncreasing schooling rateProviding additionalfacilitiesUsing Information andCommunication TechnologiesImprovement of teachers’qualities and statusEffective counselling andguidance services
20 For more information about Education System of Turkey, you can check the website