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TURKISH EDUCATION SYSTEM. 1.PRINCIPLES REGULATING THE EDUCATION SYSTEM.

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Presentation on theme: "TURKISH EDUCATION SYSTEM. 1.PRINCIPLES REGULATING THE EDUCATION SYSTEM."— Presentation transcript:

1 TURKISH EDUCATION SYSTEM

2 1.PRINCIPLES REGULATING THE EDUCATION SYSTEM

3 The Turkish education system is organized on the basis of; - Constitution of the Turkish Republic - - Laws Regulating Education - - Government Programs - Development Plans - National Education Councils

4 Based on these factors, education principles have been defined as follows; - Education shall be national, - Education shall be Republican, - Education shall be secular, - Education shall have a scientific foundation, - Education shall incorporate generality and equality, - Education shall be functional and modern. - Education shall be national, - Education shall be Republican, - Education shall be secular, - Education shall have a scientific foundation, - Education shall incorporate generality and equality, - Education shall be functional and modern.

5 2.Characteristics of National Education

6 "Everyone is equal before the laws without any discrimination according to language, race, color, gender, political views, philosophical beliefs, religion, sect or similar reasons.’’

7 No person, family, group or class may have privileges.

8 The general purpose of the Turkish National Education is to raise all Turkish citizens; The general purpose of the Turkish National Education is to raise all Turkish citizens;

9 (1) as individuals who protect and develop the national, human, moral and cultural values of the Turkish nation and human rights

10 (2) as individuals who are developed in terms of body, mind, moral, spirit and emotions, with scientific thinking abilities and a wide worldview (2) as individuals who are developed in terms of body, mind, moral, spirit and emotions, with scientific thinking abilities and a wide worldview

11 (3) in line with their own interests and abilities and to ensure they have a profession which will make them happy and contribute to the happiness of society.

12 3.ATATÜRK'S OPINIONS ABOUT EDUCATION

13 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Mustafa Kemal Atatürk ( 19 May 1881–10 November 1938) was a Turkish army officer, revolutionary statesman, writer, and the first President of Turkey. He is credited with being the founder of the Republic of Turkey. ( 19 May 1881–10 November 1938) was a Turkish army officer, revolutionary statesman, writer, and the first President of Turkey. He is credited with being the founder of the Republic of Turkey.Turkish statesman President of TurkeyfounderRepublic of TurkeyTurkish statesman President of TurkeyfounderRepublic of Turkey

14 Education is the most important vision of Atatürk.With pencil or chalk in hand, he personally instructed children and adults in schoolrooms, parks, and other places.

15 And…

16 Atatürk qualified the teachers as 'the most self-sacrificing and respected people all around the world.'

17 Ladies, gentlemen…

18 The method to be applied in education and instruction is to make knowledge a practical and useful tool that ensures success in material life rather than an accessory.Education must be free from all superstitions and be of high quality.

19 4.GENERAL STRUCTURE OF THE EDUCATION SYSTEM

20 The education system includes two subsystems, namely "formal education and "non-formal education". Formal education includes Pre-Primary education, primary education, secondary education and higher education institutions.

21 *Pre-primary and primary education involves the education of children between Primary education is compulsory for all citizens, boys or girls, and is given free of charge in public schools.Primary education institutions are schools that provide eight years of uninterrupted education, at the end of which graduates receive a primary education diploma.

22 The lessons taught in a week at primary schools are as follows:

23 TURKISH 5 HOURS ENGLISH 4 HOURS MATHS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 4 HOURS SOCIAL SCIENCES 3 HOURS EDUCATION OF RELIGION AND ETHICS 2 HOURS MUSIC 1 HOUR ART PHYSICAL EDUCATION 2 HOURS TECHNOLOGY AND DESIGN 2 HOURS GUIDANCE AND COUNSELLING 1 HOUR THINKING ABILITIES 1 HOUR

24 *Secondary education includes all institutions of general, vocational and technical education for a period of at least three years after primary education. The purpose of secondary education is to prepare the students for higher education, for profession, for life and for business in line with their interests and skills.

25 * Higher education includes all education institutions at all levels for a period of at least four semesters after secondary education. Among higher education institutions are universities, faculties, institutes, higher education schools, conservatories, vocational higher education schools and application- research centers. * Higher education includes all education institutions at all levels for a period of at least four semesters after secondary education. Among higher education institutions are universities, faculties, institutes, higher education schools, conservatories, vocational higher education schools and application- research centers.

26 The purpose of non-formal education is to provide education services to people who have never received the formal education system or have left the education at any level.. Services given by non-formal education are

27  * to teach reading-writing to students who haven’t completed their education

28  * to teach people from various professions the knowledge and skills they need to improve themselves

29  * to provide the habit of using one's free time in a useful way.

30 “Assurance of future is based on a solid basis in education, and education is based on teachers.” “Assurance of future is based on a solid basis in education, and education is based on teachers.” Mustafa Kemal ATATÜRK Mustafa Kemal ATATÜRK


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