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Scotland for the Union : 1861 - 1865. Town of Scotland : 1860 Settled around 1700 by Isaac Magoon as part of the South East part of Windham. Settled around.

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Presentation on theme: "Scotland for the Union : 1861 - 1865. Town of Scotland : 1860 Settled around 1700 by Isaac Magoon as part of the South East part of Windham. Settled around."— Presentation transcript:

1 Scotland for the Union :

2 Town of Scotland : 1860 Settled around 1700 by Isaac Magoon as part of the South East part of Windham. Settled around 1700 by Isaac Magoon as part of the South East part of Windham. Scotland Society organized around 1732 Scotland Society organized around 1732 Incorporated as a town: 1857 Incorporated as a town: 1857 Population in 1860: Population in 1860: Ranked 720 (152 of approx. 159 towns) Ranked 720 (152 of approx. 159 towns) Smallest: Andover, CT – 517 Smallest: Andover, CT – 517 In 1860 a town of farms, Webbs shoe manufactory, Coits General Store, saw mills, a grist mill, and a fulling mill. In 1860 a town of farms, Webbs shoe manufactory, Coits General Store, saw mills, a grist mill, and a fulling mill.

3 Scotlands Civil War Veterans Anthony, Gould Anthony, Gould Ashley, Samuel Ashley, Samuel Avery, Samuel H. N. Avery, Samuel H. N. Beers, Horace Beers, Horace Bill, Amos Bill, Amos Brown, Nelson L. Brown, Nelson L. Burton, William Burton, William Campbell, Richard Campbell, Richard Chapman, Sgt. Amos Chapman, Sgt. Amos Clark, Joseph P. Clark, Joseph P. Cunningham, William Cunningham, William Docerity, William Docerity, William Dorance, Cpl. William H Dorance, Cpl. William H Easton, Sgt. Arago Easton, Sgt. Arago Eldridge, Daniel D Eldridge, Daniel D Fisher, Herbert Fisher, Herbert Fisher, Homer Fisher, Homer Fisher, Nathen D Fisher, Nathen D Fitch, Eleazer S. Fitch, Eleazer S. Flynn, George Flynn, George Fuller, Alden Fuller, Alden Gorgon, Cpl. George Gorgon, Cpl. George Green, Elisha N Green, Elisha N Green, Nathan B Green, Nathan B Haskins, Daniel W. Haskins, Daniel W. Hovey, Edward H Hovey, Edward H Hovey, George Hovey, George Hovey, John D Hovey, John D Hovey, Sgt. Lewis Hovey, Sgt. Lewis Jenkins, Robert Jenkins, Robert Jenner, Elias B Jenner, Elias B Kane, Charles Kane, Charles Kegwin, Dwight R. Kegwin, Dwight R. Lawton, John A Lawton, John A Lewis, Joseph T Lewis, Joseph T Lillie, John P. Lillie, John P. Longstron, James Longstron, James Mann, Ganalvin Mann, Ganalvin Martin, Charles Martin, Charles McClellan, Cpl. Matthew McClellan, Cpl. Matthew McGrath, Sgt. Henry McGrath, Sgt. Henry Nelson, Arthur Nelson, Arthur Parkhurst, Wilfred Parkhurst, Wilfred Perio, Norman W. Perio, Norman W. Sheen, Humphry Sheen, Humphry Smith, Henry L Smith, Henry L Street, William Street, William Tabor, John D Tabor, John D Tracy, Erasmus Tracy, Erasmus Vandall, Michael Vandall, Michael Weaver, Amos C. Weaver, Amos C. Weaver, Cpl. David P Weaver, Cpl. David P Young, Allen B Young, Allen B

4 Scotlands Civil War Regiments 1 st Connecticut Volunteer Heavy Artillery (CVHA) 1 st Connecticut Volunteer Heavy Artillery (CVHA) 2 nd CVHA 2 nd CVHA 5 th Connecticut Volunteer Infantry (CVI) 5 th Connecticut Volunteer Infantry (CVI) 8 th CVI 8 th CVI 10 th CVI 10 th CVI 11 th CVI 11 th CVI 12 th CVI 12 th CVI 18 th CVI 18 th CVI 20 th CVI 20 th CVI 21 st CVI 21 st CVI 26 th CVI 26 th CVI 29 th CVI (colored) 29 th CVI (colored) 4 th Rhode Island Volunteer Infantry 4 th Rhode Island Volunteer Infantry 13 th New York National Guard 13 th New York National Guard 48 th New York Volunteer Infantry 48 th New York Volunteer Infantry 11 th United States Infantry 11 th United States Infantry

5 War Begins April 12, 1861 – Shots fired at Fort Sumter, Charleston Harbor, South Carolina. Sumter surrenders 34 hours later. April 12, 1861 – Shots fired at Fort Sumter, Charleston Harbor, South Carolina. Sumter surrenders 34 hours later. The Civil War Begins. The Civil War Begins. President Lincoln calls for 75,000 men to put down the rebellion. The first of many, many calls for men. President Lincoln calls for 75,000 men to put down the rebellion. The first of many, many calls for men. 15 Scotland residents respond by enlisting in the Connecticut Volunteer Infantry. 15 Scotland residents respond by enlisting in the Connecticut Volunteer Infantry.

6 Scotlands Volunteers : 1861 William H. Dorance was the first to enlist on July 1, William H. Dorance was the first to enlist on July 1, Battle of Bull Run - July 21, 1861 : Confederate Victory Battle of Bull Run - July 21, 1861 : Confederate Victory On July 22 Gould Anthony enlisted in the 5 th CVI, Company D [3 – Years]. On July 22 Gould Anthony enlisted in the 5 th CVI, Company D [3 – Years]. 7 Scotland residents served together with the 10 th CVI, Company F in 1861 [3 – Years]. 7 Scotland residents served together with the 10 th CVI, Company F in 1861 [3 – Years]. Individual Regiment / CompanyYear Anthony, Gould5th CVI / D1861 Brown, Nelson L.10th CVI / F1861 Dorance, Cpl. William H5th CVI / H1861 Easton, Sgt. Arago11th CVI / D & B1861 Green, Nathan B18th CVI / F1861 Haskins, Daniel W.10th CVI / F1861 Jenner, Elias B8th CVI / F1861 Lillie, John P.10th CVI / F1861 McClellan, Cpl. Matthew11th CVI / D1861 McGrath, Sgt. Henry11th CVI / G1861 Perio, Norman W.10th CVI / F1861 Sheen, Humphry18th CVI / D1861 Tracy, Erasmus10th CVI / F1861 Weaver, Amos C.10th CVI / F1861 Weaver, Cpl. David P10th CVI / F1861

7 Scotlands Volunteers : Scotland residents joined the 18 th CVI [3 – Years] between 1861 and Scotland residents joined the 18 th CVI [3 – Years] between 1861 and The 18 th CVI was captured with the rest of the Union army during the 2 nd Battle of Winchester, VA – June 13 – 15, 1863 President Lincoln issues a call on August 4, 1862 for 300,000 men to serve 9 -months. President Lincoln issues a call on August 4, 1862 for 300,000 men to serve 9 -months. 9 Scotland residents joined the 26 th CVI, Company G [9 – months] Ashley, Samuel26th CVI / G1862 Avery, Samuel H. N.18th CVI / E1862 Bill, Amos26th CVI / G1862 Chapman, Sgt. Amos26th CVI / G1862 Clark, Joseph P. 18th CVI / C Musician1862 Cunningham, William26th CVI / G1862 *Eldridge, Daniel D18th CVI / F1862 *Fitch, Eleazer S.26th CVI / G1862 Green, Nathan B18th CVI / F1862 Hovey, Edward H1st CVHA / D1862 Hovey, George26th CVI / G1862 Hovey, John D21st CVI / D1862 Hovey, Sgt. Lewis18th CVI / A1862 Jenner, Elias B18th CVI / E1862 *Kegwin, Dwight R.18th CVI / E1862 Lewis, Joseph T26th CVI / G1862 Smith, Henry L26th CVI / G1862 Tabor, John D26th CVI / G1862

8 The 26 th Connecticut Volunteer Infantry Company G Scotlands Company The regiment participated in the May 27 & June 14, 1863 assaults on Port Hudson. Both were repulsed. The regiment participated in the May 27 & June 14, 1863 assaults on Port Hudson. Both were repulsed. Joseph Lewis was wounded on June 14 th. Joseph Lewis was wounded on June 14 th. Henry Smith died on January 1, Henry Smith died on January 1, Elisha Green died July 9, 1863 the day the fort surrendered. Elisha Green died July 9, 1863 the day the fort surrendered. Ashley, Samuel26th CVI / G1862 Bill, Amos26th CVI / G1862 Chapman, Sgt. Amos26th CVI / G1862 Cunningham, William26th CVI / G1862 *Fitch, Eleazer S.26th CVI / G1862 Hovey, George26th CVI / G1862 Lewis, Joseph T26th CVI / G1862 Smith, Henry L26th CVI / G1862 Tabor, John D26th CVI / G1862 More Scotland residents served together in Company G, 26 th CVI than any other single unit. National and State Regimental Colors of the 26 th Connecticut

9 The 26 th Connecticut Volunteer Infantry Company G Scotlands Company Unidentified men of Company G in front of their mess hall The XYZ House at Camp Parapet, Louisiana. 1863

10 Scotlands Recruits : All CT towns find it hard to recruit by early All CT towns find it hard to recruit by early Many begin the practice of enlisting out of town by offering monetary bounties or hiring agents to recruit out of town. Many begin the practice of enlisting out of town by offering monetary bounties or hiring agents to recruit out of town. All enlistments from Scotland after 1863 were recruits from out of town. All enlistments from Scotland after 1863 were recruits from out of town. Burton, William29th CVIC / B1863 Campbell, Richard29th CVIC / B1863 Gorgon, Cpl. George 20th CVI / H [Substitute or Drafted]1863 Kane, Charles29th CVIC / B1863 Mann, Ganalvin29th CVIC / B1863 Street, William29th CVIC / B Musician1863 Vandall, Michael 8th CVI / K [Substitute or Drafted]1863 Beers, Horace 2nd CVHA / C [Substitute or Drafted]1864 Docerity, William12th CVI / E1864 Flynn, George12th CVI / B1864 Jenkins, Robert12th CVI / F1864 Longstron, James20th CVI / C1864 Martin, Charles2nd CVHA / E1864 Nelson, Arthur20th CVI / C1864 Young, Allen B 2nd CVHA / E [Substitue or Drafted]1864

11 Scotlands Runaways & Deserters Substitutes, Draftees, and Bounty Jumpers Michael Vandall – 8 th CVI / K – Enlisted September 3, 1863 Michael Vandall – 8 th CVI / K – Enlisted September 3, 1863 shot for desertion November 3, 1863 shot for desertion November 3, 1863 George Flynn – 12 th CVI / B – Enlisted March 30, 1864 George Flynn – 12 th CVI / B – Enlisted March 30, 1864 Deserted April 25, 1864 Deserted April 25, 1864 Robert Jenkins – 12 th CVI / F – Enlisted March 30, 1864 Robert Jenkins – 12 th CVI / F – Enlisted March 30, 1864 Deserted May 8, 1864 Deserted May 8, 1864 William Docerity – 12 th CVI / E – Enlisted February 30, 1864 Deserted June 26, 1864 William Docerity – 12 th CVI / E – Enlisted February 30, 1864 Deserted June 26, 1864 Arthur Nelson – 20 th CVI / C – Enlisted August 9, 1864 Arthur Nelson – 20 th CVI / C – Enlisted August 9, 1864 Deserted October 5, 1864 en route Deserted October 5, 1864 en route James Longstron – 20 th CVI / C – Enlisted August 9, 1864 James Longstron – 20 th CVI / C – Enlisted August 9, 1864 Deserted October 5, 1864 en route Deserted October 5, 1864 en route

12 The 29 th Connecticut Volunteer Infantry (Colored) Burton, William 29th CVIC / B 1863 Campbell, Richard 29th CVIC / B 1863 Kane, Charles 29th CVIC / B 1863 Mann, Ganalvin 29th CVIC / B 1863 Street, William 29th CVIC / B Musician th CVI on parade in South Carolina th CVI at Kell House Participated in the Siege of Petersburg At the Battle of Kell House, VA [Oct. 27 – 28, 1864] the 29 th CVI drove Confederate troops from their defensive works with a loss of 80 men. William Burton was killed in action. Nearly all other Scotland enlistees were wounded. The 29 th CVI was the first Union Infantry unit to enter Richmond.

13 The Grand Army of the Republic Monument to the 26 th CVI. Little Plain Park, Norwich, CT Port Hudson "Killed in Action: 52; Wounded: 142; Died in Service: 84."

14 Scotland for the Union :


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