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The American Civil War 1861-1865. Underlying Issues: Sectionalism States Rights Slavery.

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Presentation on theme: "The American Civil War 1861-1865. Underlying Issues: Sectionalism States Rights Slavery."— Presentation transcript:

1 The American Civil War

2 Underlying Issues: Sectionalism States Rights Slavery


4 Background Events Compromise of 1850 Uncle Toms Cabin Kansas Nebraska Act Bleeding Kansas Dred Scott Decision John Browns Raid Election of 1860


6 Harriet Beecher Stowes Novel 1852

7 Kansas-Nebraska Act Stephen Douglas

8 Bleeding Kansas

9 Dred Scott Decision 1857

10 Supreme Court Chief Justice Roger B. Taney Slaves are not citizens, therefore they have no legal rights The Line is unconstitutional. Slaves as property can taken anywhere

11 John Browns Raid on Harpers Ferry, Virginia. 1859



14 The Election of 1860

15 The Republican Ticket

16 Lincoln vs. Douglas

17 Secession South Carolina leads the way

18 Fort Sumter April 12, 1861 Charleston Harbor, S.C.


20 Union Major Robert Anderson and Confederate PGT Beauregard


22 The Confederate States of America

23 The Confederate States of America President Jefferson Davis and V.P. Alexander Stephens

24 Northern Advantages Established Industry Existing Wealth/treasury Large population Established transportation/Railroads Existing Navy Political leadership of Lincoln

25 Southern Advantages Strong military leadership Familiar with the territory Strong incentive to fight for home & hearth Many soldiers familiar with weapons and the out of doors Did not have to defeat their enemy/make the war too costly to fight

26 Northern Disadvantages Unfamiliar with the territory/war fought on Southern soil Questionable military leadership Had to defeat a highly motivated enemy Questionable motivation of its troops (especially by mid-point of the war. Many conscripts did not want to fight to free the slaves)

27 Southern Disadvantages Few resources Poor transportation network Little industry Small population Reluctance to coordinate war effort between states Limited effectiveness of Jefferson Davis

28 Northern Strategy Take Richmond/Defeat Lee Control the Mississippi River/divide the Confederacy Naval Blockade of the Southern coastline

29 Union Generals

30 Confederate Generals

31 Robert E. Lee Thomas Stonewall Jackson James Longstreet

32 Ulysses S. Grant William T. Sherman George McClellan

33 The Ironclads The Monitor and the Merrimac


35 Early Confederate Victories First Manassas (Bull Run) 1861 Second Manassas (Bull Run) 1862 Fredericksburg 1862 Chancellorsville 1863

36 Antietam 1862

37 The Union victory here gives Lincoln occasion to issue the Emancipation Proclamation to take effect Jan 1 of 1863

38 The Emancipation Proclamation

39 The turning points of Gettysburg and Vicksburg July, 1863



42 Colored troops join the fight Nearly 200,000 would serve by wars end


44 The 54 th Massachusetts Regiment

45 Colonel Robert Gould Shaw


47 Picketts Charge


49 Lincolns Gettysburg Address



52 Lincoln vs. McClellan

53 Lincoln (Rep) and Andrew Johnson (Dem.)



56 Copperheads


58 Lincolns second inaugural addresswith malice toward none and charity for all

59 War of attrition


61 Gen. William T. Shermans march to the sea

62 Confederate run prison at Andersonville, Ga.


64 The execution of Confederate Captain Henry Wirtz

65 The fall of Richmond


67 Surrender at Appomattox Court House April 9, 1865

68 Lees surrender to Grant


70 The assassination of Pres. Lincoln at Fords Theatre Washington D.C. April 14, 1865

71 Gen. Grant would go on to become President Grant

72 CSA Pres. Jefferson Davis Dies 1889 Gen. Robert E. Lee Dies 1870

73 The Reconstruction Period Andrew Johnson U.S. Grant Rutherford B. Hayes

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