The Confederate States of America President Jefferson Davis and V.P. Alexander Stephens
Northern Advantages Established Industry Existing Wealth/treasury Large population Established transportation/Railroads Existing Navy Political leadership of Lincoln
Southern Advantages Strong military leadership Familiar with the territory Strong incentive to fight for home & hearth Many soldiers familiar with weapons and the out of doors Did not have to defeat their enemy/make the war too costly to fight
Northern Disadvantages Unfamiliar with the territory/war fought on Southern soil Questionable military leadership Had to defeat a highly motivated enemy Questionable motivation of its troops (especially by mid-point of the war. Many conscripts did not want to fight to free the slaves)
Southern Disadvantages Few resources Poor transportation network Little industry Small population Reluctance to coordinate war effort between states Limited effectiveness of Jefferson Davis
Northern Strategy Take Richmond/Defeat Lee Control the Mississippi River/divide the Confederacy Naval Blockade of the Southern coastline
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