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Civil War – Year by Year. Steps to Secession Nov. 1860 – Nov. 1860 – –6 th - Lincoln elected president. A number of southern states had threatened secession.

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Presentation on theme: "Civil War – Year by Year. Steps to Secession Nov. 1860 – Nov. 1860 – –6 th - Lincoln elected president. A number of southern states had threatened secession."— Presentation transcript:

1 Civil War – Year by Year

2 Steps to Secession Nov – Nov – –6 th - Lincoln elected president. A number of southern states had threatened secession if he won. –Later that month, the General Assembly sets aside money to defend the state and calls for secession convention

3 December 1860 December 1860 –7 th - Gov. Joseph Brown writes letter to Georgians stating he was more concerned about Republicans being in power than Abraham Lincoln –20 th – South Carolina becomes the first state to secede (leave the Union.)

4 January 1861 January 1861 –16 th - delegates met in Milledgeville (by now the 4 th capital) for a secession convention. 4 states had already seceded – South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, and Alabama –19 th – Georgia officially seceded from the United States.

5 February 1861 February 1861 –Delegates from 7 southern states – including GA – met in Montgomery and formed a new country named the Confederate States of America or the Confederacy. –Jefferson Davis was president of the CSA and Alexander Stephens (from Georgia) was the vice-president.

6 1861 April 12 - First shots of the Civil War were fired at Ft. Sumter, South Carolina April 12 - First shots of the Civil War were fired at Ft. Sumter, South Carolina First actual battle – near railroad junction of Manassas, Va., right outside of Washington DC First actual battle – near railroad junction of Manassas, Va., right outside of Washington DC

7 1862 JUNE JUNE Robert E. Lee named commander of Confederate army, renaming it the Army of Northern Virginia Robert E. Lee named commander of Confederate army, renaming it the Army of Northern Virginia

8 1862 SEPTEMBER SEPTEMBER Battle of Antietam (Maryland) is the bloodiest one-day of the Civil War – 26,000 casualties Battle of Antietam (Maryland) is the bloodiest one-day of the Civil War – 26,000 casualties – This was Lee’s first attempt to invade the North Lincoln issues the Emancipation Proclamation to take effect Jan. 1, 1863 Lincoln issues the Emancipation Proclamation to take effect Jan. 1, 1863

9 1863 January January Emancipation Proclamation issued to “free” all slaves; actually got rid of loopholes that kept blacks from enlisting in Union army Emancipation Proclamation issued to “free” all slaves; actually got rid of loopholes that kept blacks from enlisting in Union army

10 1863 First week of July = turning point of the war for the Union 1st – 3rd – Battle of Gettysburg. –L–L–L–Lee’s second – and last – attempted invasion of the north. This battle had the most casualties of any in the war. 4th - Vicksburg (Miss.) surrenders to Union forces after 6-week siege left city in ruins

11 1863 September September Battle of Chickamauga (Georgia) – Confederate forces hold off attempted invasion of Georgia and send Union troops retreating to Chattanooga. This was the last decisive Confederate victory of the war. Battle of Chickamauga (Georgia) – Confederate forces hold off attempted invasion of Georgia and send Union troops retreating to Chattanooga. This was the last decisive Confederate victory of the war. November November Lincoln delivers Gettysburg Address Lincoln delivers Gettysburg Address Rebels attempt to seize Chattanooga but Union keeps the city in its control Rebels attempt to seize Chattanooga but Union keeps the city in its control

12 Spring/Summer 1864 – The Atlanta Campaign The Confederacy The Confederacy Joseph E. Johnston – commander (replaced Braxton Bragg) Joseph E. Johnston – commander (replaced Braxton Bragg) 60,000 troops made up his strong Army of Tennessee 60,000 troops made up his strong Army of Tennessee

13 Spring/Summer 1864 – The Atlanta Campaign The Union The Union Led by Gen. William T. Sherman Led by Gen. William T. Sherman 100,000 troops 100,000 troops “I will make Georgia howl.” “I will make Georgia howl.”

14 Spring/Summer 1864 – The Atlanta Campaign Sherman captures Atlanta in Sept. and telegraphs the president – “Atlanta is ours and fairly won.” Sherman captures Atlanta in Sept. and telegraphs the president – “Atlanta is ours and fairly won.” With the capture of Atlanta, the Union has gained control of the last supply center of the south. With the capture of Atlanta, the Union has gained control of the last supply center of the south.

15 Spring/Summer 1864 – The Atlanta Campaign

16 The March to the Sea Sept. – Nov. – Sherman and his troops stay in Atlanta until November. They stay long enough to have plenty of supplies brought in before burning the city – and for the 1864 presidential election to be decided Sept. – Nov. – Sherman and his troops stay in Atlanta until November. They stay long enough to have plenty of supplies brought in before burning the city – and for the 1864 presidential election to be decided Nov. 21 – Sherman begins the March to the Sea with 62,000 troops Nov. 21 – Sherman begins the March to the Sea with 62,000 troops

17 What was the March to the Sea? The March to the Sea was the Union’s destruction of rural Georgia by marching from Atlanta to Savannah – a distance of 250 miles. Troops attacked the civilian infrastructure – homes, crops, animals. They cut a path 60 miles wide, causing $100 million in damage. The March to the Sea was the Union’s destruction of rural Georgia by marching from Atlanta to Savannah – a distance of 250 miles. Troops attacked the civilian infrastructure – homes, crops, animals. They cut a path 60 miles wide, causing $100 million in damage.

18 The March to the Sea

19 Sherman divided his troops into two columns – each following a major rail line through the state Sherman divided his troops into two columns – each following a major rail line through the state One of the most famous souvenirs from the march were “Sherman’s neckties” One of the most famous souvenirs from the march were “Sherman’s neckties” Sherman arrived in Savannah on Dec. 21 and presented the city to President Lincoln as a Christmas present. Sherman arrived in Savannah on Dec. 21 and presented the city to President Lincoln as a Christmas present.

20 1865 March March President Lincoln is inaugurated for his 2 nd term; Lee launches his last offensive against Grant but it fails President Lincoln is inaugurated for his 2 nd term; Lee launches his last offensive against Grant but it fails April April 9 th – Robert E. Lee surrenders to U.S. Grant at Appomattox. Grant agrees to generous terms of surrender for Confederate officers and soldiers 9 th – Robert E. Lee surrenders to U.S. Grant at Appomattox. Grant agrees to generous terms of surrender for Confederate officers and soldiers 14 th – Lincoln is assassinated by John Wilkes Booth 14 th – Lincoln is assassinated by John Wilkes Booth


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