Presentation on theme: "The Civil War And Reconstruction 1860-1867 The events leading up to succession/war Hostilities Begin Fort Sumter—N surrenders the fort. Lincoln calls for."— Presentation transcript:
The Civil War And Reconstruction 1860-1867 The events leading up to succession/war Hostilities Begin Fort Sumter—N surrenders the fort. Lincoln calls for volunteers More Succession/Some Stay!
Strengths North Advantages Wealth Finances Industry Agriculture Railroad Navy Disadvantages exp. Generals Divided Population South Advantages Vast Size Home Turf Better Generals More Politically/Militarily Experienced President Disadvantages Smaller Population Smaller Industrial Base
Strategies North---Winfield Scott’s Anaconda Plan South---Fight To a Draw The Union Preserved Union Victories in the West The Success of Northern Diplomacy The War at Sea Antietam Creek
Proclamation without Emancipation The EP freed slaves in the not yet conquered South, but slaves in the Border States and conquered states were not. Lincoln freed the slaves in the areas where he could and wouldn’t free slaves where he could. The EP was controversial and some soldiers deserted refused to fight for abolition. However, since many slaves, upon hearing about the EP, left their plantations, and began to undermine the Southern workforce Southerners screamed that Lincoln was just stirring up trouble and seeking a slave insurrection. Politics?????
Blacks Battle Bondage At first no enlistment…..eventually 10% of the union Army Until 1864 the South did not recognize Blacks as POWs----Executed “Remember FT Pillow” Not all left their place with the writing of the EP----waited until the area was conquered.
The Home Front The Homestead Act The Morrill Land Act Provision of the Conscription Act Food Scarcity ---Bread Riot in Richmond National Banking Act 1863 Habeas Corpus/ ex. Parte Merryman (1861)
The Politics of War Congressional Committee on the Conduct of the War Radical Republicans Northern Dems split---War Dems/Peace Dems Copperheads---denounce the War and Lincoln Clement L. Vallandigham---leader
The Election of 1864 Republicans joined by War Dems= Union Party Copperheads and Peace Dems nominate George McClellan Union Party nominates Tenn. Man Andrew Johnson to ensure War Dems vote for Lincoln Lincoln/Johnson win 212-12 pop. Vote closer As Union wins at New Orleans and Atlanta
Emancipation Proclamation and Back to the War January 1 1863----E. P. Lincoln searches for the right Military leaders Lincoln finds Grant---outnumbers Lee and defeats him in the “Wilderness” Campaigns Outrage over casualties Sherman Takes Atlanta---Sherman’s March The Surrender April 9th 1865 Appomattox Courthouse Va. Lincoln Shot. April 14 th 1865.
Lincoln Shot John Wilkes Booth Martyrdom Southern Reaction Cost of the War 600,000 $15B The Future and Reconstruction
Reconstruction 1865-1877 Problems/Questions Freed Blacks How to Reform the Union? Who would control Reconstruction What to do with Confederate Leaders? Freedmen---Freedman’s Bureau Oliver O. Howard Andrew Johnson
Reconstruction Presidential Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction Ten Percent Plan Radical Republican Wade-Davis Bill Freedman’s Bureau 13 th Amendment