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EQ: What were the major events and battles of the Civil War?

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Presentation on theme: "EQ: What were the major events and battles of the Civil War?"— Presentation transcript:

1 EQ: What were the major events and battles of the Civil War?

2 Fall of Fort Sumter __________________________________
____________________________________ Lincoln refused and sent ships with supplies. Confederate cannons began firing on April 12, 1861. Fort Sumter fell 34 hours later. __________________________


4 Northern & Southern Resources
The North ___________________ Some 22,000 miles of railroad track More developed economy, banking system, and currency = more $ ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ The South _____________________ Strong military tradition that put many smart officers into battle Advantages of fighting on home soil – only had to defend itself until the North grew tired of fighting _________________________________________________________________________________________________________


6 The War in Virginia _____________________________________________________________________________________________________ Seven Days’ Battles June 1862 – Confederate Victory ___________________________________________________________________________________________

7 The Battle of Antietam - Sept. 1862
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Also called the Battle of Sharpsburg It was an important victory for the Union, stopping Lee’s northward advance.

8 Anaconda Plan ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________

9 The War in the West _______________________ commanded Union forces in the Western Campaign ______________________________________________________________________________________________________ Battle of Shiloh - April 1862 – both sides claimed victory Battle of New Orleans – April 1862 – Union Victory

10 Siege of Vicksburg Location on 200-foot-high cliffs above the Mississippi made invasion nearly impossible. Grant decided to starve the city into surrender; began Siege of Vicksburg in mid-May 1863. ____________________________________________________________________________

11 Emancipation Proclamation
Wrote in Sept. 1862; _________________ ___________________________________ Had little immediate effect ____________________________________________________________________ More symbolic than real


13 The Battle of Gettysburg July 1863
Main Ideas ____________________________________ More than 51,000 soldiers were killed, wounded, captured, or went missing in three days _____________________________________

14 Aftermath of Gettysburg
Turning Point __________________________________________________________________________________________________ Some 23,000 Union and 28,000 Confederate casualties Victory came the day before the Union capture of Vicksburg. Gettysburg Address Lincoln gave speech called Gettysburg Address at dedication of the Gettysburg battlefield cemetery. __________________________________________________________________________________________________

15 Sherman’s March to the Sea
General William Tecumseh Sherman’s planned to destroy the South’s railroads & industries Sherman’s 100,000 troops marched south from Tennessee in spring of 1864 to capture Atlanta, and Savannah. Sherman practiced total war, destroying civilian and economic resources, in the hope of ruining the South’s economy and ending its ability to fight. He hoped this would speed the end of the war.

16 The South Surrenders Grant broke through Confederate defenses at Petersburg, Virginia, and Lee retreated to Richmond on April 2, 1865. Grant surrounded Lee’s army. ______________________________________________________________________________________________________


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