Presentation on theme: "The Civil War EQ: What were the major events and battles of the Civil War?"— Presentation transcript:
The Civil War EQ: What were the major events and battles of the Civil War?
Fall of Fort Sumter __________________________________ ____________________________________ __________________________________ Lincoln refused and sent ships with supplies. Confederate cannons began firing on April 12, Fort Sumter fell 34 hours later. __________________________
Northern & Southern Resources The North ___________________ Some 22,000 miles of railroad track More developed economy, banking system, and currency = more $ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ The South _____________________ Strong military tradition that put many smart officers into battle Advantages of fighting on home soil – only had to defend itself until the North grew tired of fighting _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________
The War in Virginia __________________________________ __________________________________ _________________________________ Seven Days Battles June 1862 – Confederate Victory __________________________________ __________________________________ _______________________
The Battle of Antietam - Sept __________________________________ __________________________________ Also called the Battle of Sharpsburg It was an important victory for the Union, stopping Lees northward advance.
Anaconda Plan ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________
The War in the West _______________________ commanded Union forces in the Western Campaign __________________________________ __________________________________ __________________________________ Battle of Shiloh - April 1862 – both sides claimed victory Battle of New Orleans – April 1862 – Union Victory
Siege of Vicksburg Location on 200-foot-high cliffs above the Mississippi made invasion nearly impossible. Grant decided to starve the city into surrender; began Siege of Vicksburg in mid-May ______________________________________
Emancipation Proclamation Wrote in Sept. 1862; _________________ ___________________________________ Had little immediate effect __________________________________ More symbolic than real
The Battle of Gettysburg July 1863 Main Ideas –____________________________________ –More than 51,000 soldiers were killed, wounded, captured, or went missing in three days –____________________________________ _
Turning Point Gettysburg Address _________________________________________________ Some 23,000 Union and 28,000 Confederate casualties Victory came the day before the Union capture of Vicksburg. Lincoln gave speech called Gettysburg Address at dedication of the Gettysburg battlefield cemetery. _________________________________________________ Aftermath of Gettysburg
Shermans March to the Sea General William Tecumseh Shermans planned to destroy the Souths railroads & industries Shermans 100,000 troops marched south from Tennessee in spring of 1864 to capture Atlanta, and Savannah. Sherman practiced total war, destroying civilian and economic resources, in the hope of ruining the Souths economy and ending its ability to fight. He hoped this would speed the end of the war.
The South Surrenders Grant broke through Confederate defenses at Petersburg, Virginia, and Lee retreated to Richmond on April 2, Grant surrounded Lees army. __________________________________ __________________________________ __________________________________