25Bull Run (continued)What did the North realize by losing the 1st major battle of the war?Why did some in the South think the war was over after the battle?What could Confederate soldiers have done after victory?What impact did this battle have on the North?
28Ulysses S. Grant (Western Theater) Union general; very effective“Unconditional Surrender”Invades western Tenn. & 2 important Confed. forts on 2 important rivers; IMPORTANT?Fort Henry-Tenn. RiverFort Donelson-Cumberland R.
29Battle of Shiloh March, 1862; Tenn. Church Confederate surprise attack Grant had no pickets, or scoutsFirst part of the battle won by the SouthGrant reorganized and won the battle25K killed, wounded, captured
32Mississippi River & New Orleans Draw at Shiloh opens way to Miss. R. for Union; Battle plan?David G. Farragut-Union Gen.Leads fleet to mouth of Miss. R. and captures New OrleansWhy important victory for North?
33Ironclads: Monitor vs. Merrimack What are they?Used to win at Forts Henry and DonelsonStrengths?Draw but Union victory b/c South can not break Union blockade
35Revolutions in Warfare Rifle: more accurate & greater rate of fire than musketMinie Ball: soft lead bullet that is more deadly; WHY?Early hand grenades & minesHow did inventions change the way battles were fought?
36The War for the Capitals McClellan (very cautious) finally tries to attack RichmondHe is met by Robert E. Lee“thought outside of box”Opposed to secession, but fought to protect VA; offered Union commandLee, outnumbered & suffers more casualties, but wins; Union retreats
38Battle of AntietamLee marches toward D.C. & wins 2nd Battle at Bull RunLee crosses into Union (MD)Lucky find by Union soldierMcClellan finally attacks9/17/1862, near small creek
39Battle of Antietam (continued) Bloodiest single day battle in U.S. history (26K causalities)Lee pushed back but McClellan again too cautious and does not pursue back to VALincoln fires McClellan afterward; Why?He runs as Dem. in 1864 Election