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K-STATE Research & Extension Tree Placement in the Landscape A program of Sedgwick County Extension Master Gardeners.

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Presentation on theme: "K-STATE Research & Extension Tree Placement in the Landscape A program of Sedgwick County Extension Master Gardeners."— Presentation transcript:

1 K-STATE Research & Extension Tree Placement in the Landscape A program of Sedgwick County Extension Master Gardeners

2 K-STATE Research & Extension Benefits of trees Increased property values (13-21%) Wind Protection Winter Heating Summer Cooling Filters dust Sound buffer Produces oxygen Reduces wind and water erosion of soil Wildlife habitat

3 K-STATE Research & Extension Right Tree, Right Place, Right Way How to plant for long term survival –Selecting Trees according to Soil types Drought/moisture tolerance Height vs. utility lines Spread and distance from structures Spacing

4 K-STATE Research & Extension Average Tree Life Forest tree – longest potential life span City landscape tree – 32 years (American Forests, 1989) Downtown trees – 7-10 years (American Forests, 1989)

5 K-STATE Research & Extension Placement of Trees Enframement of House Background Screening Accent

6 K-STATE Research & Extension Enframement

7 K-STATE Research & Extension Background

8 K-STATE Research & Extension Screening

9 K-STATE Research & Extension Accent – may use small tree to draw eye to front entry

10 K-STATE Research & Extension Enframement, Background, Screening & Accent

11 K-STATE Research & Extension Placement of Trees Enframes house to make it look larger Background trees give house sense of place Screen poor views Accent features Soften harsh lines

12 K-STATE Research & Extension Trees for Problem Sites Tolerant of Wet Soils Baldcypress Riverbirch Hackberry Linden Bur Oak London Planetree Amur Maple Tolerant of Drought Amur & Tatarian Maple Winterberry Euonymus Hedge Maple Goldenraintree Chinese Pistache Chinkapin,Bur,Sawtooth Shingle, English Oak

13 K-STATE Research & Extension Tree Size Definitions (Size at Maturity) Small Trees 20 or less Medium Trees Large Trees 40 +

14 K-STATE Research & Extension Spacing Between Trees (Suggested minimum spacing) Small Trees 15 Medium Trees 30 Large Trees 40

15 K-STATE Research & Extension Rooting Distance ½ times spread of dripline

16 K-STATE Research & Extension Minimum Distance from Sidewalk/Driveways Small trees 2 Medium 4 Large 6 Roots were cut when walk was replaced. Will the tree survive?

17 K-STATE Research & Extension Utility Easements Utility Companies have the right to: Remove Trees Prune as needed In Easements Dont Plant there Use small trees Use temporary trees

18 K-STATE Research & Extension Distance from House Strong branch trees Distance from House Small Trees – 10 Medium Trees – 15 Large Trees – 20

19 K-STATE Research & Extension Tree Branch Strength Weak branch trees Silver Maple Cottonwood Willows Bradford Pear Siberian Elm Strong Branches Bur Oak Honeylocust Sugar Maple Bald Cypress

20 K-STATE Research & Extension Fast Growing Temporary Trees (less than 10 years) Purpleleaf Plum Flowering Peach Austree Cottonless Cottonwood Willows

21 K-STATE Research & Extension Planting Distance from Sewer Lines Minimum suggested distance from lines and tanks Small Trees - 20 Medium Trees - 30 Large Trees - 35

22 K-STATE Research & Extension Planting Near Utility Lines Distance from Overhead Lines Small Trees - OK Under Lines Medium – 20 away Large – 30 away

23 K-STATE Research & Extension Call Before You Dig! Kansas One-Call or DIG-SAFE

24 K-STATE Research & Extension pH & trees Alkaline Soils - Maples – Amur, Tatarian Redbud Hackberry Ginkgo Honeylocust Lacebark Elm Oaks – Bur, English, Chinkapin Chinese Pistache Goldenraintree Acidic Soils - Pin Oak & Azalea Trees with Moderate Chlorosis Potential Sweet Gum Riverbirch Baldcypress

25 K-STATE Research & Extension Tree Tips Sedgwick County Extension Master Tree Gardeners

26 K-STATE Research & Extension Tips For Rapid Growing Trees 1. Plant at Proper Depth Dont plant too deep - Plant at same depth or slightly higher than grown in the nursery Root flare should be slightly below the surface

27 K-STATE Research & Extension Tips For Rapid Growing Trees 2. Retain Lower Limbs Food reserves are produced through photosynthesis of sun reaching the leaves. More leaves = more growth Always maintain 2/3 branches 1/3 trunk Leaves shade the trunk & feed the trunk

28 K-STATE Research & Extension Composts/Leaf Mulches May be worked into annual beds or as a surface mulch Increase Organic Matter Content Improve drainage Reduce root diseases

29 K-STATE Research & Extension Tips For Rapid Growing Trees 4. Water as Needed Maintain moisture in the root zone (Root zone = twice branch spread)

30 K-STATE Research & Extension Tips For Rapid Growing Trees 5. Control Grass and Weeds Grass (especially fescue and brome slow the growth of young trees)

31 K-STATE Research & Extension Mulching Trees 2-3 inches deep 3 ft from trunk to drip line Keep 3-6 inches from trunk

32 K-STATE Research & Extension Tips For Rapid Growing Trees 6. Fertilize in November –spring Only need to fertilize slow growing trees (Fertilizer burn)

33 K-STATE Research & Extension Tips For Rapid Growing Trees 7. Prevent Weed Trimmer Injury use mulches

34 K-STATE Research & Extension Tips For Rapid Growing Trees 8. Protect bark on thin bark trees in winter White wrap is preferred – reflects light and doesnt heat

35 K-STATE Research & Extension Tips For Rapid Growing Trees 9. Stabilize root system the first year with staking lower in the tree

36 K-STATE Research & Extension Protect Water Quality Largest Pollutant in Rivers Sediment Other potential pollutants – –Fecal bacteria –Nitrogen –Phosphorus –Pesticides

37 K-STATE Research & Extension Protecting Water Quality Prevent erosion Tree planting along water flow banks Unmowed grasses filter Dont fertilize near water Apply Phosphorus according to soil test needs Sweep/blow fertilizers from streets & walks

38 K-STATE Research & Extension Sedgwick County Extension Arboretum to educate and beautify A program of Sedgwick County Extension Master Gardeners

39 K-STATE Research & Extension Sedgwick County Extension Arboretum To educate and beautify 236 trees 116 species Trees for zone 6 heat & drought tolerant alkaline soil tatter resistant Preferred Tree List from K-State-KS Forest Service

40 K-STATE Research & Extension Best in Heat/Drought (03) Amur Maple Goldenraintree Chinese Pistache Bur Oak Sawtooth Oak Chinkapin Oak (Sawtooth Oak, winter) Austrian Pine

41 K-STATE Research & Extension Learn on our grounds Self guided tours – -All plants are labeled -Maps are inside Extension Center Master Gardeners provide guided tours for groups of 5 or more

42 K-STATE Research & Extension By Bob Neier County Extension Agent, Horticulture Sedgwick County


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