Presentation on theme: "Shawna Trarbach City of Lawrence Stormwater Quality Technician"— Presentation transcript:
1Shawna Trarbach City of Lawrence Stormwater Quality Technician Water ConservationShawna TrarbachCity of LawrenceStormwater Quality Technician
2Rain BarrelsXeriscapeRain GardensNative and Drought resistant plantsAround the house tips
3Rain Barrels Collects rain water from off of your roof Water can be used for almost anything, just don’t drink it1” of rainfall produces .6 gallon of water per square foot. This results in gallons of water flowing from the average house during a 1” rain.
4Rain Barrel SetupDownspoutWhen setting up and building your barrel it is important to keep in mind where you will put it. This will help determine where you will place the overflow hose and hose bibb.Water FilterOverflowHoseBibbRaisedPlatformGarden Hose
5Rain BarrelsMultiple barrels can be linked together to increase storage or multiple barrels can be set up on different downspouts.
6Rain Barrel Maintenance Periodically remove debris from filter or screenCheck overflow hose for clogsInspect tank for crack or buildup of debris in the bottomCheck tank fittings for overflow hose and hose bibbIf mosquiots become a problem, add 1 tablespoon of vegetable oil to water to form film on topWinterize your barrel by either storing it inside a garage or shed or store it upside down in its location so it will fully drain and remain relatively clean of debris
7XeriscapeRefers to landscaping and gardening in ways that reduce or eliminate the need for supplemental water from irrigation
8Xeriscape Benefits Saves Water Less Maintenance No Fertilizers or PesticidesReduces PollutionProvides Wildlife HabitatFor most of North America, over 50% of residential water used is applied to landscape and lawns. Xeriscape can reduce landscape water use by 50-70%.Aside from occasional pruning and weeding, maintenance is minimal. Watering requirements are low and can be met with simple irrigation systems.Using plants native to your area will eliminate the need for chemicals supplements. Sufficient nutrients are provided by healthy organic soil.Fossil fuel consumption from gas mowers is minimized or eliminated with minimal turf area. Small turf areas can be maintained with a reel mower.Use of native plants, shrubs and trees offer a familiar and varied habitat for local wildlife.
97 Principals of Xeriscaping Water ConservationSoil ImprovementCreates Limited Turf AreasUse Appropriate PlantsMulchIrrigateMaintain your landscapeBy planting native and drought resistant plants you can reduce the amount of water needed for your lawn.The ideal soil in a water-conserving landscape does two things simultaneously: it drains quickly and sotres water at the same time. This is achieved through adding organic material (compost) to the soil and keeping it well aerated.Reduces the size of turf areas as much as possibleFor best results use plants that are native to your regionCover the soil’s surface around plants with much to help retain soil moisture and temp, prevent erosion and block out competing weeds.Water conservation is the goal, so avoid overwatering by using soaker hoses and drip irrigation systems.Low maintnenace is one of the benefits of xeriscape. Some weeding may be required, avoid fertilizing
10Rain GardensRain Gardens are a landscaped area that receives stormwater runoff from roofs, driveways, sidewalks, parking lots and compacted areas. Compared to a conventional lawn, Rain Gardens can allow 30% more water to soak into the ground.
11Benefits of Rain Gardens Filters runoff pollutantsDeters flooding impactsConserves waterCreates bird/butterfly habitatIncreases aesthetic benefitsRecharge local groundwaterImprove water qualityProtects rivers and streamsRemove standing water in your yardReduce garden maintenance
12Native and Drought Resistant Plants Rudbeckia, Black Eye SusanAchillea, YarrowBlue Flag IrisCoreopsis, Tickseed
14Native and Drought Resistant Plants Little Blue StemBuffalo GrassKentucky BluegrassSideoats Grama
15Around the Home Tips Check faucets and pipes for leaks A small drip from the faucet can waste 20 gallons of water per day, larger ones can waste hundreds.
16Around the Home Tips Check your toilets for leaks. Put a little food coloring in your toilet tank. If, without flushing, the color begins to appear in the bowl within 30 minutes, you have a leak.
17Around the Home Tips Take shorter showers. A four minute shower uses approximately 20 to 40 gallons of water. One way to cut down that time is to turn off the shower while soaping up and then to turn it back on to rinse.Turn off the water after you wet your tooth brush.
18Around the Home Tips Keep a bottle of water in the fridge. Running tap water to cool it off for drinking is wasteful. Another option is to use ice cubes if you prefer cold drinking water.
19Around the Home Tips Put a layer of mulch around trees and plants Mulch will slow evaporation of moisture while discouraging weed growth. Adding 2-4 inches of organic material will increase the ability of the soil to retain moisture.
20Around the Home TipsWater during the early parts of the day; avoid watering when it is windy.Early morning is generally better than dusk since it helps prevent the growth of fungus. Early morning watering helps reduce water loss due to evaporation and it is also the best defence against slugs and other garden pests. Try not to water when it’s windy, wind can blow sprinklers off target and speed up evaporation.
21Around the Home Tips Don’t let the hose run while washing your car. Clean your car using a pail of soapy water. Use the hose only for rinsing and use a spray nozzle for higher efficiency. This simple practice can save as much as 150 gallons of water.Use a broom, not a hose, to clean driveways and sidewalks.