2Louisiana’s Wetland Habitat Take An Easy Step ToSaveLouisiana’s Wetland Habitat
3PROTECT CYPRESS TREESCypress Trees are a vital component of wetland habitat.Cypress Swamps were logged in 1920’s, slow growing trees are just starting to come back.Cypress trees are part of our Louisiana legacy.
4WHAT IS THE LONG TERM EFFECT OF USING CYPRESS MULCH Using Cypress Mulch in your garden encourages the killing of young cypress trees.Industry used to consist of lumber byproducts now whole trees, some as small as three inches in diameter are ground up.
5WHY PRESERVE WETLAND HABITATS Wetlands work as a filter to remove pollutants and toxic chemicals from surface waterWetlands act as barriers for storm surgeWetlands are home to a variety of plants, animals, fish and birds.
6ECONOMIC BENEFITS OF WETLANDS Eco tourismSports fishing and huntingCommercial fishingClean waterNatural beauty
9FACT: CYPRESS MULCH COMES FROM YOUNG TREES Cypress Mulch used to be a byproduct of the logging industry. However that industry effectively clear cut most of the available cypress trees in Louisiana years ago. Today’s Cypress Mulch is made by grinding up cypress trees from Louisiana, Florida, Georgia, Ohio and Missouri swamps.The Pasco County extension office in Florida reports that “ in 1995, 42 million cubic feet were cut for lumber and mulch from Florida's wetlands. 129,000 tons of Cypress Mulch and 145,000 tons of cypress lumber are produced per year in Florida. In N.E. Florida, 20.4 million cu. ft. of cypress are cut per year, but the trees' natural replacement growth is only 17.1 million cu. ft.” (Pasco County Master Gardner Spring 2003)
11FACT: CYPRESS MULCH IS NOT INSECT RESISTANT All of the research that we have done indicates that there is noscientific evidence that today’s cypress mulch is resistant totermites and other insects. (FOR 79, one of a series of theSchool of Forest Resources and Conservation,Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences,University of Florida. First published, August 2000)
12CYPRESS MULCH IS MORE DURABLE MYTH # 3CYPRESS MULCH IS MORE DURABLE
13FACT: PINE BARK IS MORE DURABLE Test show that today’s new cypress growth is not as durable as pine bark. In the first half of the 20th century when 800- to 900- year-old virgin cypress were harvested, large bald cypress trees with abundant heartwood produced decay-resistant products for outdoor use. Today, even though cypress wood still has the reputation for durability, the smaller second-growth cypress treeshave very little decay-resistant heartwood” (Circular 1186-University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service)
14CYPRESS IS MORE WEED RESISTANT Myth #4CYPRESS IS MORE WEED RESISTANT
15FACT: PINE STRAW IS MORE WEED RESISTANT Pine Straw can suppress weeds for up to one year butCypress Mulch and others work for only two or threemonths.
16WHAT CAN I DO? Change garden mulch buying habits Spread the word on the long term effect of using Cypress MulchOffer practical mulch alternatives
17MULCH YOUR GARDEN Mulch prevents soils from escaping during downpours Mulch stabilizes soil temperatureMulch retards weed growthMulch adds nutrients to your garden as it breaks downMulch makes your garden look good
18What kind of Mulch should I use to help save our wetlands?
19Leaves and Pine Straw Advantages Use your own compost for Free Buy local Pine Straw and support state economyDecomposes slowlyMany more advantages see Pub 2387 Louisiana Cooperative Extension Service
20Pine Bark Lumber Industry By-Product Heavier doesn’t wash away More resistant to insects
21Eucalyptus Mulch Sustainable product grown in plantations for market aromatic
22Don’t let Our Cypress Trees become another Louisiana Ghost Legend SAVE A TREE TODAY