FAST FACTS ON DIABETES (CDC 2011) Diabetes affects 25.8 million people in us ( 8.3% of the U.S. population) About 1.9 million people aged 20 years or older were newly diagnosed with diabetes in 2010
FAST FACTS ON DIABETES (CDC 2011) Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney failure, nontraumatic lower limb amputations, and new cases of blindness among adults in the United States. Diabetes is a major cause of heart disease and stroke. Diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death in the United
Sugar gets into cells with the help of a hormone called insulin. If there is not enough insulin, or if the body stops responding to insulin, sugar builds up in the blood. That is what happens to people with diabetes.
Type I Diabetes Mellitus People with type 1 diabetes make little or no insulin.
Treatment Treatment for type 1 diabetes involves 2 key parts Measuring your blood sugar often, to make sure it does not get too high or too low. ● Using insulin shots or an insulin pump to keep your blood sugar levels in the right range
Treatment People with type 1 diabetes also need to carefully plan their meals and activity levels That's because eating raises blood sugar, while being active lowers it.
Type II Diabetes Mellitus People with type 2 diabetes make too little insulin, but more often the problem is that their body’s cells do not respond to insulin.
Type II Diabetes Mellitus The body’s cells do not respond to insulin The body does not make enough insulin Or both
Symptoms (mallattolee) Intense thirst Being very tired Urinating often Losing weight. Blurred vision
Symptoms (mallattolee) Nausea or vomiting, Belly pain Cuts/bruises that are slow to heal Feeling very hungry - even though you are eating May be no symptom(Type II)
Risk Factors Age ≥45 years. Overweight (body mass index (BMI) ≥25 kg/m 2 ). Diabetes mellitus in a first-degree relative. Sedentary lifestyle. High-risk ethnic or racial group (eg,
Risk Factors African-American or Black race, Hispanic, Native American, Asian-American, and Pacific Islanders). History of delivering a baby weighing >4.1 kg (9 lb) or of gestational diabetes mellitus. Hypertension (blood pressure ≥140/90
Risk Factors High cholestrol(HDL ≤35 mg/dL or triglyceride concentration ≥250 mg/dL A1C ≥5.7 percent, impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting glucose.
Treatment There are a few medicines that help control blood sugar. Some people need to take pills that help the body make more insulin or that help insulin do its job. Others need insulin shots.
To reduce your chances of getting type 2 diabetes Make diet modification ( balanced diet, fruits, vegetables) weight loss (BMI ≤25) If you already have the disorder, losing weight can improve your health and blood sugar control. Being active can also help prevent or control the disorder.
Why is it important to keep my blood sugar close to normal? Nerve damage Kidney disease ●Vision problems (or even blindness) ●Pain or loss of feeling in the hands and feet ●The need to have fingers, toes, or other body parts removed (amputated) ●Heart disease and strokes