Presentation on theme: "Harold Kim Philby Joined the British Communist Party in 1933... worked as a journalist, then joined British intelligence (MI-6).... served as a spy for."— Presentation transcript:
Harold Kim Philby Joined the British Communist Party in 1933... worked as a journalist, then joined British intelligence (MI-6).... served as a spy for the Soviet Union.... then defected to the Soviet Union.
Democratic Party 3-way split, 1948 Strom Thurmond and the Dixiecrats Henry Wallace and the Progressive Party Incumbent Harry Truman
The Presidential election of 1948 Tom Dewey
The U.S. Communist Party 1917, February and October Revolutions 1920 U.S. Communist Party formed 1933 Popular Front period 1939 anti-intervention 1941 pro-intervention
Mr. Potato Head Invented in Rhode Island in 1952. Manufacturers didnt like the idea at first, were afraid parents wouldnt want to waste food. Plastic parts made item cheaper, then just add a potato (or any vegetable for that matter).
The Kitchen Debate, 1959 Players: Vice President Richard Nixon vs. Soviet Premier Nikita Khruschev (with future Premier Brezhnev on the right)
Starring: Leonard Bernstein Lee J. Cobb Aaron Copland Dashiell Hammett Lena Horne Langston Hughes Burl Ives Gypsy Rose Lee Burgess Meredith Arthur Miller Zero Mostel Edward G. Robinson Pete Seeger William L. Shirer Orson Welles
The Smith Act (1940) and the McCarran Act (1950) Smith Act: "Whoever knowingly or willfully advocates, abets, advises, or teaches the duty, necessity, desirability, or propriety of overthrowing or destroying the government of the United States... by force or violence...... shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than twenty years, or both... McCarran Act: illegal to conspire to act in a way that will "substantially contribute" to the establishment of a totalitarian dictatorship in America
McCarthy era movies The Caine Mutiny, 1955 –Based on the Herman Wouk novel. The movie required permission from The Navy to be released! From Here to Eternity, 1953, a novel cleaned up for The Army! –Houses of prostitution turned into USO clubs! –In the novel the sadistic head of the Army prison is promoted! –In the film he gets fired! –In the novel one adulterous Army wife suffers from venereal disease! –In the movie she has a miscarriage! On the Waterfront, 1954
Elia Kazan Four excuses for ratting on your friends: 1.American communists silently approved of Soviet oppression 2.Communism is bad and needed to be exposed 3.They would have turned on me if they had the chance 4.Communists had power over Hollywood scripts
Father John Coughlin of Detroit Reverend Billy Graham Fox news poll, 2005: 90% believe in God 87% believe in heaven 84% miracles 74% hell 67% Devil
Going to church (regularly): 1920: 43% 1940: 49% 1950: 55% 1956: 62% 1960: 70% (almost)