Presentation on theme: "Harold “Kim” Philby Joined the British Communist Party in 1933"— Presentation transcript:
1 Harold “Kim” Philby Joined the British Communist Party in 1933 . . . worked as a journalist, then joined British intelligence (MI-6).. . . served as a spy for the Soviet Union.. . . then defected to the Soviet Union.
2 Democratic Party 3-way split, 1948 Incumbent Harry TrumanStrom Thurmond and the DixiecratsHenry Wallace and the Progressive Party
4 The U.S. Communist Party 1917, February and October Revolutions 1920 U.S. Communist Party formed1933 Popular Front period1939 anti-intervention1941 pro-intervention
5 Mr. Potato Head Invented in Rhode Island in 1952. Manufacturers didn’t like the idea at first, were afraid parents wouldn’t want to waste food.Plastic parts made item cheaper, then just add a potato (or any vegetable for that matter).
7 The Kitchen Debate, 1959 Players: Vice President Richard Nixon vs. Soviet Premier Nikita Khruschev (with future Premier Brezhnev on the right)
8 Starring: Leonard Bernstein Lee J. Cobb Aaron Copland Dashiell Hammett Lena HorneLangston HughesBurl IvesGypsy Rose LeeBurgess MeredithArthur MillerZero MostelEdward G. RobinsonPete SeegerWilliam L. ShirerOrson Welles
9 The Smith Act (1940) and the McCarran Act (1950) Smith Act: "Whoever knowingly or willfully advocates, abets, advises, or teaches the duty, necessity, desirability, or propriety of overthrowing or destroying the government of the United States by force or violence . . .. . . shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than twenty years, or both ”McCarran Act: illegal to conspire to act in a way that will "substantially contribute" to the establishment of a totalitarian dictatorship in America
10 McCarthy era movies The Caine Mutiny, 1955 Based on the Herman Wouk novel. The movie required permission from The Navy to be released!From Here to Eternity, 1953, a novel cleaned up for The Army!Houses of prostitution turned into USO clubs!In the novel the sadistic head of the Army prison is promoted!In the film he gets fired!In the novel one adulterous Army wife suffers from venereal disease!In the movie she has a miscarriage!On the Waterfront, 1954
11 Elia Kazan Four excuses for ratting on your friends: American communists silently approved of Soviet oppressionCommunism is bad and needed to be exposedThey would have turned on me if they had the chanceCommunists had power over Hollywood scriptsElia Kazan
12 Fox news poll, 2005: 90% believe in God 87% believe in heaven 84% miracles74% hell67% DevilFather John Coughlin of DetroitReverend Billy Graham
13 Going to church (regularly): 1920: 43%1940: 49%1950: 55%1956: 62%1960: 70% (almost)