2 Información Definition: In English: A reflexive verbs are used to emphasize something a person does to himself or herself.In English:Not very commonReflexive pronouns are used to emphasize an action.
3 Información In Spanish: There are many reflexive verbs. Identified by the se attached at the end of the infinitive. (cepillarse)Any verb can be made to be reflexive. BUT the meaning will change.Dormir – to sleepDormirse – to fall asleepWhen referring to body parts do not use the possessive pronouns. Use the definite article.I brush my hair – Me peino el pelo.
4 UsesTo describe actions related to personal care and habitual routines.He brushed his teeth – él se cepilló los dientes.To express feelings and emotions or changes in conditions, moods and emotional states. (i.e. to get or to become)I became upset. – me pongo enojada.
5 Conjugation Step 1 Step 2 Step 3 Take off the se and place it before the verb.Dormirse = se dormirStep 2Conjugate the verb according to who is doing the action.Se duermoStep 3Use the coordinating reflexive pronounMe duermo
6 Reflexive Pronouns Yo Tú Él/ella/Ud. Nosotros Vosotros Ellos/ellas/Uds.MeTeSeNosOs
7 Example – present tense BañarseMe baño – I take a bath (myself)Te bañas – you take a bath (yourself)Se baña – he takes a bath (himself)Nos bañamos – we take a bath (ourselves)Se bañan – they/you all take a bath (themselves/yourselves)NoteMost reflexive verbs can be used normally to indicate that the action is being done to someone else.Yo baño los niños – I bathe the children
8 Example – preterit tense AfeitarseMe afeité – I shaved (myself)Te afeitaste – you shaved (yourself)Se afeitó – he shaved (himself)Nos afeitamos – we shaved (ourselves)Se afeitaron – they/you all shaved (themselves/yourselves)Non-reflexiveYo afeité el perro ayer – I shaved the dog yesterday.
9 ¡Practica! Yo ___ (ducharse) por la mañana. Ellos ___ (cepillarse) los dientes.Nosotros ___ (cortarse) las uñas.Él ___ (afeitarse) la cara.Tú ___ (lavarse) el cuerpo.