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Page 18 Avancemos 3 – Lección Preliminar

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1 Page 18 Avancemos 3 – Lección Preliminar
Reflexive Verbs

2 What are reflexive verbs?
Reflexive pronouns work with a reflexive verb to Indicate that a person is performing the action toward or for him- or herself. These types of verbs are not very common in English, but are used frequently in Spanish. Many actions related to personal care or daily routines are reflexive, but other verbs can be reflexive as well.

3 What are reflexive verbs?
The subject is performing the action on him- or herself, making the object of the verb, the same as the subject. Compare two sentences in which one is reflexive and one is not. I wash myself. (Me lavo.) - myself is the object of wash I wash the dog. (Lavo el perro.) - the dog is the object of wash REFLEXIVE NOT REFLEXIVE

4 Reflexive Pronouns nos (to or for ourselves) me (to or for myself)
os (to or for you all) se (to or for themselves, you all, or each other) me (to or for myself) te (to or for yourself) se (to or for himself, herself, itself)

5 Placement of reflexive pronouns
ReflexivePronouns, me, te, se, nos, os and se are placed either before a conjugated verb or attached to the end of an infinitive.

6 Before the conjugated verb
Te alegras de hablar español. (It makes you happy to speak Spanish.) Se aburre en la clase de matemáticas. (He gets bored in Math class.)

7 After & attached to the infinitive
Voy a acostarme a las 10. (I am going to bed at 10.) Ellos quieren peinarse. (They want to brush their hair.)

8 Reflexive Verbs Reflexive verbs have two parts: a reflexive pronoun (me, te, se, nos, os, se) 2. and a verb form.

9 LAVARSE(to wash oneself)
Reflexive Verbs LAVARSE(to wash oneself) Verb Form Reflexive Pronoun

10 Reflexive Verbs In English, we really don’t identify with reflexive verbs. So these will seem strange to you.

11 Think of it like a mirror

12 Reflexive Verbs In English, a sentence using a “so called” reflexive verb might be… Lauren brushes her hair. Scott bathes himself.

13 Reflexive Verbs You must remember that these are actions being done to oneself, by oneself. For example: I wash my (my own) hair.

14 TO WASH ONESELF I wash myself You wash yourself
He, She, It washes himself, etc. We wash ourselves Ya’ll wash yourselves They wash themselves

15 LAVARSE me lavo te lavas se lava nos lavamos os laváis se lavan

16 CEPILLARSE me cepillo te cepillas se cepilla nos cepillamos
os cepilláis se cepillan

17 DUCHARSE me ducho te duchas se ducha nos duchamos os ducháis se duchan

18 DON’T USE IT WHEN… You do not use a reflexive pronoun or reflexive verb when the action is not performed on one self. If you are bathing yourself… that’s reflexive. If you are bathing your friend… NOT REFLEXIVE

19 Reflexive Verbs When using reflexive verbs to talk about parts of the body, use the definite article. (the el, la, los, las that mean “the”)

20 Reflexive Verbs Nos lavamos el pelo. ¿Te cepillas los dientes?

21 Let’s practice Matt y Maria dry their hair together.
BE CAREFUL! Matt y Maria dry their hair together. You brush your teeth in the morning. I brush my dog’s teeth. Sam and I wash our hands. Ya’ll get dressed in the morning. I dress my husband in the morning.

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