Reflexive pronouns work with a reflexive verb to Indicate that a person is performing the action toward or for him- or herself. These types of verbs are not very common in English, but are used frequently in Spanish. Many actions related to personal care or daily routines are reflexive, but other verbs can be reflexive as well. What are reflexive verbs?
The subject is performing the action on him- or herself, making the object of the verb, the same as the subject. Compare two sentences in which one is reflexive and one is not. I wash myself. (Me lavo.) - myself is the object of wash I wash the dog. (Lavo el perro.) - the dog is the object of wash R E F L E X I V E N O T R E F L E X I V E
Reflexive Pronouns me(to or for myself) te(to or for yourself) se (to or for himself, herself, itself) nos(to or for ourselves) os (to or for you all) se (to or for themselves, you all, or each other)
Placement of reflexive pronouns ReflexivePronouns, me, te, se, nos, os and se are placed either before a conjugated verb or attached to the end of an infinitive.
Before the conjugated verb Te alegras de hablar español. (It makes you happy to speak Spanish.) Se aburre en la clase de matemáticas. (He gets bored in Math class.)
After & attached to the infinitive Voy a acostarme a las 10. (I am going to bed at 10.) Ellos quieren peinarse. (They want to brush their hair.)
Reflexive Verbs Reflexive verbs have two parts: 1. a reflexive pronoun (me, te, se, nos, os, se) 2. and a verb form.
Reflexive Verbs LAVARSE(to wash oneself) Verb Form Reflexive Pronoun
Reflexive Verbs In English, we really dont identify with reflexive verbs. So these will seem strange to you.
Think of it like a mirror
Reflexive Verbs In English, a sentence using a so called reflexive verb might be… Lauren brushes her hair. Scott bathes himself.
Reflexive Verbs You must remember that these are actions being done to oneself, by oneself. For example: I wash my (my own) hair.
TO WASH ONESELF I wash myself You wash yourself He, She, It washes himself, etc. We wash ourselves Yall wash yourselves They wash themselves
LAVARSE me lavo te lavas se lava nos lavamos os laváis se lavan
CEPILLARSE me cepillo te cepillas se cepilla nos cepillamos os cepilláis se cepillan
DUCHARSE me ducho te duchas se ducha nos duchamos os ducháis se duchan
DONT USE IT WHEN… You do not use a reflexive pronoun or reflexive verb when the action is not performed on one self. If you are bathing yourself… thats reflexive. If you are bathing your friend… NOT REFLEXIVE
Reflexive Verbs When using reflexive verbs to talk about parts of the body, use the definite article. (the el, la, los, las that mean the)
Reflexive Verbs Nos lavamos el pelo. ¿Te cepillas los dientes?
Lets practice Matt y Maria dry their hair together. You brush your teeth in the morning. I brush my dogs teeth. Sam and I wash our hands. Yall get dressed in the morning. I dress my husband in the morning. BE CAREFUL!