Presentation on theme: "Los verbos reflexivos Objective: To talk about your daily routine. Getting ready for a special event."— Presentation transcript:
Los verbos reflexivos Objective: To talk about your daily routine. Getting ready for a special event.
In this presentation, we are going to look at a special group of verbs called reflexive verbs Lets start out by thinking of the English verb to wash.
There are two ways to talk about washing in Spanish First, to wash something else I wash my clothes I wash the car Second, to wash part of ones body. I wash my hands I wash my hair
I can wash things that are not part of me. In Spanish, we say: Yo lavo el carro. The action of the verb goes to the car.
I also wash my body and things on my body: hands, face, hair… I wash my hands. In spanish we say: Me lavo las manos.
If you are washing something that is attached to your body, you need to use reflexive pronouns.
menos teos se
me lavonos lavamos te lavasos laváis se lavase lavan The endings are still the same. In this case these are endings for regular ar verbs in the present tense.
Sue bathes herself. reflexive pronoun subject Sue Sue se baña. reflexive pronoun subject
Joe shaves himself. reflexive pronoun subject Joe Joe se afeita. reflexive pronoun subject
The reflexive pronouns go before the conjugated verb.
How to conjugate reflexive verbs Start with the verb. 1 Drop se 2. Determine what kind of verb it is ar, er, or ir 3. Put the appropriate -ar, -er or -ir ending of the verb 4. Put the correct reflexive pronoun in front of the conjugated verb. How to conjugate reflexive verbs Start with the verb. 1 Drop se 2. Determine what kind of verb it is ar, er, or ir 3. Put the appropriate -ar, -er or -ir ending of the verb 4. Put the correct reflexive pronoun in front of the conjugated verb.
The verb forms are the same: duermo, duermes, duerme, dormimos, duermen The difference in form is the addition of the reflexive pronouns: me, te, se, nos, se The difference in meaning is: Dormir : to sleep Dormirse : to fall asleep
DORMIR DORMIRSE TO SLEEP TO FALL ASLEEP duermo me duermo dormimos nos dormimos duermes te duermes dormís os dormís duerme se duerme duermen se duermen
Todos los días, yo _________ (levantarse) a las 7:00. ____________(lavarse) la cara, y _________ (afeitarse). Luego ____________ (vestirse (e-i)) y ___________(comer) un poco de desayuno. Por fin, ________ (cepillarse) los dientes.
Todos los días yo me levanto a las 7:00. me lavo la cara y me afeito. Luego me visto y como un poco de desayuno. Por fin, me cepillo los dientes
A verb followed by a reflexive verb: Remember that in a sentence when there are 2 verbs next to each other, you conjugate the first verb and leave the second verb in its infinitive form. EX: Yo necesito estudiar. The rule is a little different when a verb is followed by a reflexive verb. Instead of placing the reflexive pronoun in front of the verb, you will leave it attached to the infinitve, BUT CHANGE IT to AGREE with the subject.
Some examples: Yo necesito levantarme. Tú necesitas despertarte. Nosotros tenemos que bañarnos.
Place the reflexive pronoun BEFORE the CONJUGATED verb OR ATTACHED to the INFINITIVE When you have two verbs next to each other conjugate the first one only.