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Los verbos reflexivos Objective: To be able to talk about your daily routine. Getting ready for a special event.

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Presentation on theme: "Los verbos reflexivos Objective: To be able to talk about your daily routine. Getting ready for a special event."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Los verbos reflexivos Objective: To be able to talk about your daily routine. Getting ready for a special event.

3 In this presentation, we are going to look at a special group of verbs called reflexive verbs Lets start out by thinking of the English verb to wash. lavolavamos lavaslaváis lavalavan

4 I can wash things that are not part of me. In Spanish, we say: Yo lavo el carro. The action of the verb goes to the car. Subject: I, Verb: wash Object: car

5 NOW LETS TAKE LAVAR AND ADD SE TO IT. IT BECOMES LAVARSE WHICH IS NOW REFLEXIVE. THIS SE ATTACHED TO THE VERB INDICATES THAT SUBJECT AND THE ACTION ARE THE SAME. You can wash yourself or a part of your body: hands, face, hair… I wash my hands. In Spanish: Me lavo las manos. Subject: I, Verb: wash Object: myself

6 If you are washing something that is attached to your body, you need to use reflexive pronouns.

7 menos teos se

8 me lavonos lavamos te lavasos laváis se lavase lavan The endings are still the same. In this case these are endings for regular ar verbs in the present tense.

9 Me afeitoNos afeitamos Te afeitasOs afeitáis Se afeitaSe afeitan Me acuestoNos acostamos Te acuestasOs acostáis Se acuestaSe acuestan

10 Sue bathes herself. reflexive pronoun subject Sue Sue se baña. reflexive pronoun subject

11 Joe shaves himself. reflexive pronoun subject Joe Joe se afeita. reflexive pronoun subject

12 The reflexive pronoun goes before the conjugated verb.

13 Non-Reflexive: You must conjugate the first verb and you keep the infinitive for the 2 nd one. For example: I need to wash the car: Necesito lavar el coche. Non-Reflexive: You must conjugate the first verb and you keep the infinitive for the 2 nd one. For example: I need to wash the car: Necesito lavar el coche.

14 1. If we follow the placement rule from above (Sue se baña), you place the pronoun BEFORE CONJUGATED VERBS. I need to wash my hair. Me necesito lavar el pelo. She needs to put make up on. Se necesita maquillar. 1. If we follow the placement rule from above (Sue se baña), you place the pronoun BEFORE CONJUGATED VERBS. I need to wash my hair. Me necesito lavar el pelo. She needs to put make up on. Se necesita maquillar.

15 2. You can also ATTACH the reflexive pronoun to the infinitive. I need to wash my hair. Necesito lavarme el pelo. She needs to put make up on. Necesita maquillarse. 2. You can also ATTACH the reflexive pronoun to the infinitive. I need to wash my hair. Necesito lavarme el pelo. She needs to put make up on. Necesita maquillarse.

16 Keep in mind: Just as you would NEVER write Yo lavar el carro. You CANNOT write Yo lavarme el pelo How would you fix Yo lavarme el pelo based on the two rules? 1. Necesito lavarme el pelo. 2. Me necesito lavar el pelo. Or if you use only one verb, 3. Me lavo el pelo. Keep in mind: Just as you would NEVER write Yo lavar el carro. You CANNOT write Yo lavarme el pelo How would you fix Yo lavarme el pelo based on the two rules? 1. Necesito lavarme el pelo. 2. Me necesito lavar el pelo. Or if you use only one verb, 3. Me lavo el pelo.

17 Place the reflexive pronoun BEFORE the CONJUGATED verb OR ATTACHED to the INFINITIVE When you have two verbs next to each other conjugate the first one only.

18 The verb forms are the same: duermo, duermes, duerme, dormimos, duermen The difference in form is the addition of the reflexive pronouns: me, te, se, nos, se The difference in meaning is: Dormir : to sleep Dormirse : to fall asleep

19 DORMIR DORMIRSE TO SLEEP TO FALL ASLEEP duermo me duermo dormimos nos dormimos duermes te duermes dormís os dormís duerme se duerme duermen se duermen

20 Todos los días, yo ____1.____ (levantarse) a las 7:00. ___2.____(lavarse) la cara, y _____3._____ (afeitarse). Luego ____4.____ (vestirse (e-i)) y ____5.____(comer) un poco de desayuno. Por fin, ____6.____ (cepillarse) los dientes.

21 Todos los días yo 1.me levanto a las 7:00. 2.Me lavo la cara y 4.me afeito. Luego 5.me visto y 6.como un poco de desayuno. Por fin, 7.me cepillo los dientes

22 A verb followed by a reflexive verb: Remember that in a sentence when there are 2 verbs next to each other, you conjugate the first verb and leave the second verb in its infinitive form. EX: Yo necesito estudiar. The rule is a little different when a verb is followed by a reflexive verb. Instead of placing the reflexive pronoun in front of the verb, you will leave it attached to the infinitve, BUT CHANGE IT to AGREE with the subject.

23 Some examples: Yo necesito levantarme. Tú necesitas despertarte. Nosotros queremos bañarnos.


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