Words to Know! NUTRITION - is the science that studies how body makes use of food. DIET - is everything you eat and drink. NUTRIENTS - are the substances in food.
What Food Does for You It provides energy for daily activity It gives you raw material Eating is an enjoyable activity
What are the main nutrients needed in a balanced diet? Diet is the usual food and drink that each person consumes and is a very important part of health. A balanced diet means eating the right types of food in the right amounts so that the body gets the nutrients it needs. carbohydrates proteins fats vitamins & minerals water fibre Why are these nutrients needed and what foods contain them? A Balanced Diet
Six Essential Nutrients Carbohydrates Protein Fat Minerals Vitamins Water
Carbohydrates Carbohydrates are the primary source of energy. Sources of Carbohydrates: - Whole wheat breads - Rice - Pasta - Potatoes
Protein Protein is essential for body growth and repair of body cells. Sources of Protein: -Meats -Eggs -Fish -Nuts -Beans
Fats Fats are another source of energy. It also protects against temperature changes. Sources of Fat: -Butter - Cheese -Eggs - Meat
Vitamins Vitamins help regulate body functions. Vitamins allow the body to use the energy provided carbohydrates, fats and proteins. Only small amount needed. Sources of Vitamins: -Fruits -Vegetables -Whole grain breads
Minerals Minerals help your body work properly. Minerals regulate body fluids. Sources of Minerals: -Milk -Meats -Whole grain cereal
Water Water is essential to our body because it carries nutrients. Found in all body tissues. Essential for the digestion of food. Helps move waste material through the body. How much? The average person needs 6-8 glasses of water per day. Sources of Water: -Juices- Oranges -Milk- Water melon
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