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1.What are nutrients? Where do nutrients come from? 2.What are the short-term and long-term consequences of too many or too few nutrients? 3.How can individuals.

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Presentation on theme: "1.What are nutrients? Where do nutrients come from? 2.What are the short-term and long-term consequences of too many or too few nutrients? 3.How can individuals."— Presentation transcript:

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2 1.What are nutrients? Where do nutrients come from? 2.What are the short-term and long-term consequences of too many or too few nutrients? 3.How can individuals make healthy eating and lifestyle choices

3 Nutrients are substances found in food Nutrients provide nourishment to your body 6 main types of nutrients: –carbohydrates –fats –proteins –vitamins –minerals –water BrainPOP: nutrition

4 Nourishment and energy contained in food helps the body to keep cells, tissues and organs healthy. In order to stay healthy, animals must consume a mixture of foods and drinks that supply enough nourishment and energy to their bodies.

5 CARBOHYDRATES Sugars and starches are the main source of energy for the body Sources: –rice, bread, cereal, potatoes, pasta FATS Stored in the body as energy source when carbohydrates are in short supply Sources: –red meat, dairy, nuts, oils

6 PROTEINS Build and repair body tissue Sources: –meat, eggs, dairy, beans, nuts VITAMINS Help carry out life functions like growth and reproduction Sources: –fruits and vegetables

7 MINERALS Important to strong bones and teeth. Also help carry out life functions Sources: –dairy, fruits and vegetables WATER Helps carry out life functions, moves nutrients and waste products Sources: –beverages, foods high in water like fruits and vegetables

8 Malnutrition occurs when nutrients are missing from a diet. Can occur when people: –eat too little –make poor eating choices

9 Diet refers to the amount and type of food you eat. A mixed diet contains a wide variety of foods: –grain products –fruits & vegetables –milk products –meat & meat alternatives

10 A vegetarian diet lacks meat products Vegetarian diets: –high in fibre –low in fat –may lack vitamins –may lack calcium

11 A fad diet refers to a current diet craze Fad diets usually involve weight loss Examples: –cabbage soup diet –grapefruit diet –Atkins diet –Caveman diet Caveman Diet

12 Canadas Food Guide helps Canadians make healthy choices Five guidelines: –Eat a variety of foods –Eat whole grains, fruits and vegetables –Chose low fat foods –Participate in physical activity –Limit salt, sugar, alcohol and caffeine intake Canadas Food Guide

13 Take the anonymous survey related to your lifestyle and eating habits! Take the survey HERE! HERE!


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