Presentation on theme: "1.What are nutrients? Where do nutrients come from? 2.What are the short-term and long-term consequences of too many or too few nutrients? 3.How can individuals."— Presentation transcript:
1.What are nutrients? Where do nutrients come from? 2.What are the short-term and long-term consequences of too many or too few nutrients? 3.How can individuals make healthy eating and lifestyle choices
Nutrients are substances found in food Nutrients provide nourishment to your body 6 main types of nutrients: –carbohydrates –fats –proteins –vitamins –minerals –water BrainPOP: nutrition
Nourishment and energy contained in food helps the body to keep cells, tissues and organs healthy. In order to stay healthy, animals must consume a mixture of foods and drinks that supply enough nourishment and energy to their bodies.
CARBOHYDRATES Sugars and starches are the main source of energy for the body Sources: –rice, bread, cereal, potatoes, pasta FATS Stored in the body as energy source when carbohydrates are in short supply Sources: –red meat, dairy, nuts, oils
PROTEINS Build and repair body tissue Sources: –meat, eggs, dairy, beans, nuts VITAMINS Help carry out life functions like growth and reproduction Sources: –fruits and vegetables
MINERALS Important to strong bones and teeth. Also help carry out life functions Sources: –dairy, fruits and vegetables WATER Helps carry out life functions, moves nutrients and waste products Sources: –beverages, foods high in water like fruits and vegetables
Malnutrition occurs when nutrients are missing from a diet. Can occur when people: –eat too little –make poor eating choices
Diet refers to the amount and type of food you eat. A mixed diet contains a wide variety of foods: –grain products –fruits & vegetables –milk products –meat & meat alternatives
A vegetarian diet lacks meat products Vegetarian diets: –high in fibre –low in fat –may lack vitamins –may lack calcium
A fad diet refers to a current diet craze Fad diets usually involve weight loss Examples: –cabbage soup diet –grapefruit diet –Atkins diet –Caveman diet Caveman Diet
Canadas Food Guide helps Canadians make healthy choices Five guidelines: –Eat a variety of foods –Eat whole grains, fruits and vegetables –Chose low fat foods –Participate in physical activity –Limit salt, sugar, alcohol and caffeine intake Canadas Food Guide
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