2questions you will answer: What are nutrients? Where do nutrients come from?What are the short-term and long-term consequences of too many or too few nutrients?How can individuals make healthy eating and lifestyle choices
3what are nutrients? Nutrients are substances found in food Nutrients provide nourishment to your body6 main types of nutrients:carbohydratesfatsproteinsvitaminsmineralswaterBrainPOP: nutrition
4Nourishment and energy contained in food helps the body to keep cells, tissues and organs healthy. In order to stay healthy, animals must consume a mixture of foods and drinks that supply enough nourishment and energy to their bodies.
5roles & sources of nutrients CARBOHYDRATESFATSSugars and starches are the main source of energy for the bodySources:rice, bread, cereal, potatoes, pastaStored in the body as energy source when carbohydrates are in short supplySources:red meat, dairy, nuts, oils
6roles & sources of nutrients PROTEINSVITAMINSBuild and repair body tissueSources:meat, eggs, dairy, beans, nutsHelp carry out life functions like growth and reproductionSources:fruits and vegetables
7roles & sources of nutrients MINERALSWATERImportant to strong bones and teeth. Also help carry out life functionsSources:dairy, fruits and vegetablesHelps carry out life functions, moves nutrients and waste productsSources:beverages, foods high in water like fruits and vegetables
8malnutritionMalnutrition occurs when nutrients are missing from a diet.Can occur when people:eat too littlemake poor eating choices
9Diets “Diet” refers to the amount and type of food you eat. A mixed diet contains a wide variety of foods:grain productsfruits & vegetablesmilk productsmeat & meat alternatives
10Diets A vegetarian diet lacks meat products Vegetarian diets: high in fibrelow in fatmay lack vitaminsmay lack calcium
11Diets A “fad diet” refers to a current diet craze Fad diets usually involve weight lossExamples:cabbage soup dietgrapefruit dietAtkins dietCaveman dietCaveman Diet
12Canada's food guideCanada’s Food Guide helps Canadians make healthy choicesFive guidelines:Eat a variety of foodsEat whole grains, fruits and vegetablesChose low fat foodsParticipate in physical activityLimit salt, sugar, alcohol and caffeine intakeCanada’s Food Guide
13surveyTake the anonymous survey related to your lifestyle and eating habits!Take the survey HERE!