5And then … ¿habl + aron?= ¿hablaron? you bought He/She asked compr + aste = comprasteHe/She askedpregunt + ó = preguntóescuch + amos = escuchamosWe listenedno cerr + asteis = no cerrasteisYou (all) didn’t close¿habl + aron?= ¿hablaron?Did they speak?
6Now let’s try and work some out! (Here’s a reminder of the endings) -é for “I”-aste for “you” sing.-ó for “he/she/it-amos for “we”-asteis for “you” plural-aron for “they”contestarjugartomarllevarnevarmontarcocinar
7Now let’s look at verbs that end in –er and -ir: beberentenderllovercomervivirabrirThese are all shown in the infinitive
8Then we take off the “er/ir” and add the appropriate endings: -í for “I”-iste for “you” sing.-ió for “he/she/it-imos for “we”-isteis for “you” plural-ieron for “they”beb-entend-llov-com-viv-abr-
10And then … ¿abr + ieron?= ¿abrieron? It rained We ate You understood entend + iste = entendisteYou understoodIt rainedllov + ió = lloviócom + imos = comimosWe ateno viv + isteis = no vivisteisYou (all) didn’t live¿abr + ieron?= ¿abrieron?Did they open?
11Now let’s try and work some out! (Here’s a reminder of the endings) -í for “I”-iste for “you” sing.-ió for “he/she/it-imos for “we”-isteis for “you” plural-ieron for “they”asistircoincidirvolverbarrerolerdolermeter
12However, most common -er/-ir verbs have irregular stems and have to be learnt by heart! hacer (to do/make) :hice = I did/madehiciste = you did/madehizo = he/she/it didhicimos = we did/madehicisteis = you (all) didhicieron = they did/madeIr (to go) :fui = I wentfuiste = you wentfue = he/she/it wentfuimos = we wentfuisteis = you (all) wentfueron = they went
13tener (to have) : ver (to see/watch) : tuve = I had tuviste = you had tuvo = he/she/it hadtuvimos = we hadtuvisteis = you (all) hadtuvieron = they hadver (to see/watch) :vi = I saw/watchedviste = you saw/watchedvio = he/she/it sawvimos = we saw/watchedvisteis = you (all) sawvieron = they saw/watched
14ser (to be) : estar (to be) : fui = I was fuiste = you were fue = he/she/it wasfuimos = we werefuisteis = you (all) werefueron = they wereestar (to be) :estuve = I wasestuviste = you wereestuvo = he/she/it wasestuvimos = we wereestuvisteis = you (all) wereestuvieron = they were