Presentation on theme: "L.O – to learn how to form and use the PRETERITE tense in Spanish."— Presentation transcript:
L.O – to learn how to form and use the PRETERITE tense in Spanish
The PRETERITE tense is used to talk about completed actions in the past. It is used: 1. in telling stories and for non descriptive events. 2. for actions that were completed in the past. (FINISHED events) 3. for actions in the past which happened only once. (SINGLE events) 4.for actions that were repeated but finished in the past. (REPEATED events) 5.for actions that were part of a chain of events. (CHAIN events) 6.for actions that took place over a specific period of time. It can be used with the following expressions of time: ayer (yesterday), anteayer (the day before yesterday), la semana pasada (last week), el mes/año pasado (last month/year), el otro día (the other day), hace dos días (2 days ago), en etc Examples: Él cenó, vio la tele y se acostó. He had dinner, watched TV and went to bed. Ayer te llamé por teléfono. I rang you yesterday.
There are two sets of regular endings to learn: 1. -AR 2. -ER/ -IR As with other tenses you have to: 1. take the infinitive. 2. take off the infinitive ending. 3. add the endings for the tense. -AR endings -é -aste -ó -amos -aron -ER / -IR endings -í -iste -ió -imos -ieron Notice the we ending in –AR and –IR verbs is the same as in the present tense.
hablar = to speak / talk habl Regular -AR verbs é aste ó amos aron I spoke, I did speak. You spoke, you did speak. He /she/ it spoke, did speak. We spoke, we did speak. They spoke, they did speak.
Choose 3 of the verbs below and write them out in full: aceptar = to accept cantar = to sing llenar = to fill amar = to love charlar = to chat llorar= to cry arreglar = to fix dibujar = to draw mirar = to look at ayudar = to help entrar = to go in saltar = to jump bajar = to go down ganar = to win viajar = to travel bailar = to dance lavar = to wash tomar el sol – to sunbathe Regular -AR verbs
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comer = to eat com í iste ió imos ieron Regular -ER verbs I ate, I did eat. You ate, you did eat. He / she / it ate, did eat. We ate, we did eat. They ate, they did eat. The preterite tense 6
beber = to drink meter = to put correr = to run vender = to sell coser = to sew Regular -ER verbs Practise saying or writing out these other verbs.
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ABRIR= to open abr í iste ió imos ieron Regular -IR verbs I opened, I did open. You opened, you did open. He / she / it opened, did open. We opened, we did open. They opened, they did open.
Like ABRIR batir = to beat escribir = to write cubrir = to cover permitir = to allow recibir = to receive Regular -IR verbs Practise saying or writing out these other verbs.
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Elige la forma del verbo más apropiada 1. (Tú) bebí/bebiste mucha Coca-Cola en la cafetería. 2. (Zara) visitó/visitaron Marruecos. 3. (Nosotros) escribimos/escribieron unas postales. 4. (yo) tomaste/tomé el sol en la playa. 5. (yo) compró/compré muchos regalos.
explicar = to explain expliqué I explained explicaste you explained explicó he/she/it explained explicamos we explained explicasteis you explained explicaron they explained The first group of irregular verbs are only slightly irregular as they show stem changes* in the first person singular only. There are three types: 1. Verbs which end in –GAR change to GUÉ 2. Verbs which end in –CAR change to QUÉ 3. Verbs which end in –ZAR change to CÉ jugar = to play juguéI played jugaste you played jugó he/she/it played jugamos we played jugasteis you played jugaron they played cruzar = to cross crucé I crossed cruzaste you crossed cruzó he/she/it crossed cruzamos we crossed cruzasteis you crossed cruzaron they crossed Stem changing verbs
apagar = to put out acercarse = to approach cazar = to hunt cargar = to load atacar = to attack empezar = to begin descargar = to unload buscar = to look for organizar = to organizeentregar = to hand over secar = to dry rezar = to pray llegar = to arrive pescar = to fish utilizar = to usenavegar = to sail chocar contra = to crash intopagar = to pay sacar = to take outregar= to water marcar = to score a goal, tocar= to touch dial a numberalmorzar = to have lunch Stem changing verbs The following verbs work in the same way. Can you write out three of them in full?
Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verb in the preterite tense 1. (I) ______________(comprar) un vestido bonito. 2. (you (singular) ______________( tomar) el sol. 3. (I) ______________( comer) chocolate. 4. (We) ____________( bailar) en las discotecas. 5. (Maria)_________________(pasar) una semana en Valencia. 6. (I) _______________(ir) de vacaciones. 7. (We) ____________(ir) a Paris.
Irregular verbs in preterite- no accents! Ir – to go/ ser – to beTener – to have Fui- I wentTuve Fuiste –you wentTuviste Fue – he/she wentTuvo Fuimos – we wentTuvimos Fueron – they wentTuvieron Hacer – to do/ to make Hice – I did Hiciste – you did Hizo – he/she did Hicimos – we did Hicieron – they did