Presentation on theme: "L.O – to learn how to form and use the PRETERITE tense in Spanish"— Presentation transcript:
1 L.O – to learn how to form and use the PRETERITE tense in Spanish
2 The PRETERITE tense is used to talk about completed actions in the past. It is used:1. in telling stories and for non descriptive events.2. for actions that were completed in the past. (FINISHED events)3. for actions in the past which happened only once. (SINGLE events)for actions that were repeated but finished in the past. (REPEATED events)for actions that were part of a chain of events. (CHAIN events)for actions that took place over a specific period of time. It can be used with the following expressions of time:ayer (yesterday), anteayer (the day before yesterday) , la semana pasada (last week), el mes/año pasado (last month/year), el otro día (the other day), hace dos días (2 days ago), en etcExamples: Él cenó, vio la tele y se acostó. He had dinner, watched TV and went to bed.Ayer te llamé por teléfono. I rang you yesterday.
3 Notice the ‘we’ ending in –AR and –IR verbs is the same as There are two sets of regular endings to learn:1. -AR2. -ER/ -IRAs with other tenses you have to:1. take the infinitive.2. take off the infinitive ending.3. add the endings for the tense.-AR endings-ER / -IR endingsNotice the ‘we’ending in –ARand –IR verbsis the same asin the presenttense.More detailed conjugations and exercises follow.-é-aste-ó-amos-aron-í-iste-ió-imos-ieron
4 He /she/ it spoke, did speak. ó Regular -AR verbshablar = to speak / talkhabléI spoke, I did speak.You spoke, you did speak.asteHe /she/ it spoke, did speak.óamosWe spoke, we did speak.Endings appear one by one on mouse click.aronThey spoke, they did speak.
5 Regular -AR verbsChoose 3 of the verbs below and write them out in full:aceptar = to accept cantar = to sing llenar = to fillamar = to love charlar = to chat llorar= to cryarreglar = to fix dibujar = to draw mirar = to look atayudar = to help entrar = to go in saltar = to jumpbajar = to go down ganar = to win viajar = to travelbailar = to dance lavar = to wash tomar el sol – to sunbathe
7 The preterite tense 6 Regular -ER verbs comer = to eat com í I ate, I did eat.isteYou ate, you did eat.ióHe / she / it ate, did eat.imosWe ate, we did eat.Endings appear one by one on mouse click.ieronThey ate, they did eat.
8 Regular -ER verbsPractise saying or writing out these other verbs.beber = to drinkmeter = to putcorrer = to runvender = to sellcoser = to sew
10 He / she / it opened, did open. Regular -IR verbsABRIR= to openI opened, I did open.abríisteYou opened, you did open.ióHe / she / it opened, did open.imosWe opened, we did open.Endings appear one by one on mouse click.ieronThey opened, they did open.
11 Regular -IR verbsPractise saying or writing out these other verbs.Like ABRIRbatir = to beat escribir = to writecubrir = to cover permitir = to allowrecibir = to receive
13 Elige la forma del verbo más apropiada 1. (Tú) bebí/bebiste mucha Coca-Cola en la cafetería.2. (Zara) visitó/visitaron Marruecos.3. (Nosotros) escribimos/escribieron unas postales.4. (yo) tomaste/tomé el sol en la playa.5. (yo) compró/compré muchos regalos.
14 explicaste you explained explicó he/she/it explained Stem changing verbsThe first group of irregular verbs are only slightly irregular as they show stem changes* in the first person singular only. There are three types:1. Verbs which end in –GAR change to GUÉ2. Verbs which end in –CAR change to QUÉ3. Verbs which end in –ZAR change to CÉjugar = to playjugué I playedjugaste you playedjugó he/she/it playedjugamos we playedjugasteis you playedjugaron they playedexplicar = to explainexpliqué I explainedexplicaste you explainedexplicó he/she/it explainedexplicamos we explainedexplicasteis you explainedexplicaron they explainedcruzar = to crosscrucé I crossedcruzaste you crossedcruzó he/she/it crossedcruzamos we crossedcruzasteis you crossedcruzaron they crossed*The stem changes occur in order to preserve the sound of the infinitive.
15 Stem changing verbsThe following verbs work in the same way. Can you write out three of them in full?apagar = to put out acercarse = to approachcazar = to hunt cargar = to loadatacar = to attack empezar = to begindescargar = to unload buscar = to look fororganizar = to organize entregar = to hand oversecar = to dry rezar = to prayllegar = to arrive pescar = to fishutilizar = to use navegar = to sailchocar contra = to crash into pagar = to paysacar = to take out regar= to watermarcar = to score a goal, tocar= to touchdial a number almorzar = to have lunch
16 1. (I) ______________(comprar) un vestido bonito. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verb in the preterite tense1. (I) ______________(comprar) un vestido bonito.2. (you (singular) ______________( tomar) el sol.3. (I) ______________( comer) chocolate.4. (We) ____________( bailar) en las discotecas.5. (Maria)_________________(pasar) una semana en Valencia.6. (I) _______________(ir) de vacaciones.7. (We) ____________(ir) a Paris.
17 Irregular verbs in preterite- no accents! Ir – to go / ser – to be Tener – to haveFui- I went TuveFuiste –you went TuvisteFue – he/she went TuvoFuimos – we went TuvimosFueron – they went TuvieronHacer – to do/ to makeHice – I didHiciste – you didHizo – he/she didHicimos – we didHicieron – they did