Mapping the Earth: Objective: To demonstrate knowledge of how to locate places on the Earth using absolute location and systems of measurement.
The Equator & The Prime Meridian The Equator is a line that circles Earth midway between the Poles Divides the Earth into 2 hemispheres (N and S) It is measured at 0° latitude Poles are measured at 90 ° Nth or Sth The Prime Meridian is measured at 0 ° Longitude Splits world into Eastern and Western Hemisphere Runs through Greenwich, England
Lines of Latitude & Longitude Imaginary lines circle the Earth Run North- South & East- West Different lines of la. and Lo. cross and form a grid Makes it possible to find exact locations on Earth Distances are measured in degrees Degrees are divided into minutes 60 minutes are equal to 1 degree
Lines of Latitude Parallels – are parallel to the Equator Measure distance North or South of the Equator Parallels N of Equator are labeled with an N; South with a S Range: 0 ° from Equator to 90 ° N or S for the Poles
Lines of Longitude Also called meridians Measure distance East or West from pole to pole and from P.M. Range: 0 ° for P.M. to 180 ° Meridians east of the pm are labeled E Meridians west of the pm are labeled W