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Published byVivien Little Modified over 7 years ago
Measuring Latitude and Longitude
Parallels of Latitude Imaginary lines that remain at an equal distance from each other Labeled in degrees North or South Equator –Parallel circles earth halfway between North and South Poles –Divides earth into Northern and Southern Hemispheres –Longest line of latitude –Labeled 0 degrees, no direction
Tropical Latitudes Temperatures hot all year Tropic of Cancer –Northern boundary –23.5 degrees N Tropic of Capricorn –Southern boundary –23.5 degrees S
Meridians of Longitude Imaginary lines that remain at an equal distance from each other Labeled in degrees East or West Prime Meridian –Runs through Greenwich, in London, England –Divides earth into Eastern and Western Hemispheres –Longest line of longitude –Labeled 0 degrees, no direction
Recording Latitude and Longitude Latitude is always written first –North or South Longitude is always written second –East or West O has no direction Examples –(46N, 100E); (0, 54W); (118S, 0)
Problems What is the latitude and longitude of Washington, D.C.? What city is approximately 35 south latitude, 20 east longitude? What city is approximately 35 south latitude, 60 west longitude?
Problems What city is 0 latitude, 80 west longitude? What city on the map is 0 longitude? What city is 30 south latitude, approximately 153 east longitude?
Problems What is the latitude and longitude of Mexico City? What is the approximate latitude and longitude of Moscow?
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