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Published byChrystal Jacobs Modified over 8 years ago

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Latitude and Longitude

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What is Latitude? Lines of latitude are imaginary lines that run completely around the globe full circles start at the equator at 0 degrees divides the earth into two hemispheres a. Northern Hemisphere b. Southern Hemisphere

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Latitude (Continued) travel east and west all lines of latitude are parallel (called parallels)

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Parallels all lines of latitude are parallel (called parallels) on maps parallels are shown 10, 15 or 20 degrees apart run from 0 to 90 degrees The north pole is 90 degrees N The South pole is 90 degrees S

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What is Longitude Lines of longitude are imaginary lines that run completely around the globe full circles Start at the Prime Meridian at 0 degrees The Prime Meridian passes through Greenwich, in East London. Other Prime Meridians have been used

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Divides the Earth into two hemispheres Eastern Hemisphere Western Hemisphere lines travel north and south run from 0 to 180 degrees shown on maps at 10 or 20 degrees Ex. 20 degrees W, or 20 degrees E

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What is the Purpose? Latitude and Longitude together make a grid to help you locate your position on the Earth’s surface For example Woodland Hills High School sits approximately at 40°26’19”N 79°50’13”W This reads as “40 degrees, 26 minutes,19 seconds north and 79 degrees, 50 minutes,13 seconds west

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Each degree is divided into 60 minutes Each minute is divided into 60 seconds

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Cardinal and Ordinal Directions Cardinal directions North, South, East, West

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How to remember? Never Eat Sour Watermelons (in a clockwise circle)

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Ordinal Directions Northeast Southeast Southwest Northwest

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