Presentation on theme: "Understanding the Ability to Persuade. Aristotle: Greek philosopher 384-322 B.C.E. Aristotle said rhetoric is “the faculty of observing in any given case."— Presentation transcript:
Aristotle: Greek philosopher 384-322 B.C.E. Aristotle said rhetoric is “the faculty of observing in any given case the available means of persuasion”(Aristotle qtd. in Shea, et.al. 1). 1 : the art of speaking or writing effectively: as a : the study of principles and rules of composition formulated by critics of ancient times b : the study of writing or speaking as a means of communication or persuasion (“rhetoric”).
“Fans, for the past two weeks you have been reading about the bad break I got. Yet today I consider myself the luckiest man on the face of the earth. I have been in ballparks for seventeen years and have never received anything but kindness and encouragement from you fans….” (Gehrig qtd. in Shea, et. al.). Lou Gehrig's Speech on YoutubeLou Gehrig's Speech on Youtube In order to view the link, you need to view this PPT as a slide show, from current slide, above.
WWhat are some of the effective aspects of this speech? CContext TThe occasion or the time and place it was written or spoken PPurpose GGoal that the speaker or writer wants to achieve
GGehrig has a crystal clear idea: HHe’s the “luckiest man on earth.” HHis thesis or assertion is a clear and focused statement. FFurther, Gehrig knows his subject: BBaseball in general aand TThe Yankees in particular
“A plain spoken, positive appreciation for what he has had and a champion’s courageous acceptance of the challenges that lie before him”(Shea et. al.).
Speaker (or writer or director) Audience (or reader or viewer)Subject
Must: Choose a subject Evaluate what they already know about it What others have said about it, and What kind of evidence or proof will sufficiently develop their position
“Embodied Thought” REASON Writers appeal to logos by offering clear, rational ideas 1. Thesis 2. Specific details Examples Facts Data Expert testimony
What is his thesis? That he is “the luckiest man of the face of the earth.” What are his supporting points? Seventeen years of playing baseball Belief in the kindness and encouragement of his fans Good people Sterling team Blessing of a supportive family
Counterargument Anticipate objections Or Opposing views Concede or agree Refute or deny
By conceding and refuting, you actually strengthen your argument; it appeals to logos by demonstrating that you considered your argument carefully.