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Ancient China K. Roberts.

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Presentation on theme: "Ancient China K. Roberts."— Presentation transcript:

1 Ancient China K. Roberts

2 CHINA Around Huang He (Yellow) River and Chang Jiang (Yangtze) River
flow to the East China Sea 10% of land is farmable mountains terraced farming

3 CHINA Dynasty Xia first dynasty of China’s history
considered to be folklore due to lack of written artifacts

4 CHINA Dynasty Shang aristocracy
the kings had warlords to run cities/states much like Mesopotamia & Egypt - buried leaders with servants Religion: supernatural forces oracles would read cracks in bones ancestral worship REALLY good at bronze casting Decline - revolt of Zhou

5 CHINA Dynasty Zhou longest-lasting dynasty Government: Same as Shang
claimed to rule due to Mandate of Heaven kings required to follow the Dao family was highly regarded due to farming communities filial piety


7 CHINA Dynasty Zhou Accomplishments
irrigation/large scale water projects iron weapons/tools wrote in pictographs (picture symbols) and ideographs (combined pictographs) Decline - Period of the Warring States

8 CHINA Philosophy Confucianism
Kongfuzi (Confucius) tried to persuade political leaders to follow ideas sayings recorded in Analects Two elements: Duty Humanity became key for the runnings of Chinese culture (i.e. education and civil service exams)

9 CHINA Philosophy Daoism based on teachings of Laozi
Tao Te Ching (The Way of the Dao) best way to act in harmony with the universe, not to interfere with the natural order

10 CHINA Philosophy Legalism human beings evil by nature
strong ruler was required to create an orderly society harsh laws and stiff punishments would cause the common people to follow the rules

11 CHINA Dynasty Qin Qin Shihuangdi single monetary system
system of roads throughout empire had an underground burial mound filled with terra-cotta warriors to guide him into his next life expanded China south, only fear was to the North Xiongnu, residing in the Gobi desert parts of the Great Wall were built

12 Terracotta Warriors

13 CHINA Dynasty Qin adopted Legalism
literature opposing this view - burned ruled a centralized state administrators were appointed and dismissed at will Qin Shi. took over taxing the people and the land elimination of rivals Decline - death of Qin Shi., civil war breaks out four years later

14 CHINA Dynasty Han Liu Pang Confucian policies back in
introduction of civil service examinations expanded into modern-day northern Vietnam pushed back the Xiongnu peasants forced to work for government and military for one month a year

15 CHINA Dynasty Han Achievements: Iron Casting - led to steel invention
developed paper ships enhanced - leading to more trade Decline - several things led to decline, but lack of effective leadership and peasant uprisings are the biggest

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