Presentation on theme: "The Cold War Begins. Allies Become Enemies 1. Post-war Problems – During WWII the Soviet Union and the US worked together – When the war ends old hostilities."— Presentation transcript:
Allies Become Enemies 1. Post-war Problems – During WWII the Soviet Union and the US worked together – When the war ends old hostilities come back – Both countries had different political view points that did not go together
Communism v. Capitalism 1.Communism (USSR- Soviet Union) – Equal distribution of wealth – No private property – Government or workers control the businesses and the means of production – Soviets wanted to spread communism around the globe
2.Capitalism/Democracy – United States – Most businesses and industries are privately controlled by individuals – Competition determines the cost of goods and worker pay – US saw itself as the beacon of freedom in the world
Fate of Europe 1.Yalta Conference – Feb 4, 1945 – Conference to decide the postwar fate of Europe – Called for free elections and democracy in the nations liberated from the Nazis – Stalin (leader of Soviet Union) did not agree with this
2.Germany – Western Allies want a united demilitarized and independent Germany – Soviets feared a united Germany would invade their country – Split into 4 parts but later becomes 2 countries – Eastern Germany (Soviet controlled) and Western Germany (democratic and free)
3.Eastern Europe – Free elections agreed on at Yalta did not happen – Soviets establish “satellite states” or governments under the Soviet Unions control
Berlin was also divided and in the Soviet section of Germany. The Soviets decided to cut Berlin off from all western influence and supplies. Berlin Blockade began in June 1948. The answer was the Berlin Airlift. From 6/48 until 5/49 the allies flew in all the supplies needed. The Soviets finally ended the blockade. Berlin Airlift
Co-Super powers U.S. & U.S.S.R. 1.1 st move Soviets – The occupied countries in Eastern Europe are annexed by the S.U. All of these countries make up the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. 2.Churchill gives a speech in Missouri. In the speech he says “ an iron curtain has descended across the continent ”. 3.Communist countries are called Iron Curtain countries.
4.Iron Curtain – Winston Churchill uses this phrase to describe what happened in Europe – This imaginary line marked the democratic west on one side and the Soviet controlled east on the other
The Marshall Plan The Marshall Plan was suggested by Sec. of State George Marshall. It was put into effect to aid Europe in rebuilding from the war. It was also in place to keep countries from becoming communist. Millions of dollars were spent on Europe. Britain, France and Italy got most of the money. Marshall receives the Nobel Peace prize.
A Cold War 1.When – Lasted from 1945-1991 2.What – Cold War = struggle/tensions between the US and Soviet Union over global power – No real face to face war between the two countries 3.Why – US worried the Soviets would try to extend their control – Soviets worried the US would try to take away their power
New Organizations NATO – North Atlantic Treaty Organization. 11 free nations agreed to help each other in case they were attacked. Today there are 26 nations in NATO. Warsaw Pact – Formed in 1955. It ’ s a military alliance for Eastern Europe. If any communist country was attacked, the others would help.