8 Creation of UNJune nations formed the United Nations in San FranciscoUnited Nations: International Peace keeping organizationFive Permanent Members with veto powerU.SFranceGreat BritainChinaSoviet Union
10 U.S. versus USSR GoalsU.S. left the war strong, USSR left weak and madCommunism versus CapitalismCapitalism: economic system where the means of production are controlled by individuals for profit.Communism: Means of production are owned by everyone.
12 USSRGoal to protect their country from any future invasion and spread CommunismEastern Europe was that bufferCollection of communist statesIron Curtain Speech-Churchill in the U.S.Represents Europe’s division into Democratic Western states and Communist Eastern Europe
16 U.S. Tries to Contain Soviets U.S. foreign policy of Containment: Policy geared towards stopping the expansion of Communism. Helping countries resist CommunismTruman Doctrine: Financial support for countries resisting CommunismMarshall Plan: Financial support for Western European countries to re buildAlso prevented Communism from becoming popular
17 The Berlin Airlift The City of Berlin was divided into West and East. The West was surrounded by Soviet controlled GermanyStalin cut off access to suppliesU.S. and GB flew supplies into West Berlin for almost a year to keep them fed and suppliedStalin lifts embargo
20 Cold War Divides the World Small conflicts combined to be what we call the Cold WarNATO: North Atlantic Treaty OrganizationAlliance of U.S., Canada, Britain and many others to come to each others aid if attackedWarsaw Pact: created in response to NATO by the Communist countries
22 Threat of Nuclear War 1949 Soviet Union exploded their first bomb Arms race: the race to have more weapons than the other side.Brinksmanship: The willingness to to go to the brink or edge of war and the politics associated with that.ICBM: Intercontinental Ballistic Missile used to push the war into spaceSpace Race
25 U-2 CIA put spy planes high in the skies above the USSR One was caught in 1960Francis Gary Powers was caught and exchanged after a few years for a Soviet SpyHeightened Cold War tensionsU.S. denied spying but was caught red handed
28 AssessmentWhat were Stalin’s motives in supporting Communist governments in Eastern Europe?Why might Berlin be a likely spot for trouble to develop during the Cold WarWhat factors help to explain why the U.S. and the Soviet Union became rivals instead of allies?