Presentation on theme: "Literary Elements Major Test in class on 9/12/12"— Presentation transcript:
1 Literary Elements Major Test in class on 9/12/12
2 Study Resources Literary Terms List (given in class 1st week) Prentice Hall Literature Textbook (students checked out copies 1st week)pages 4-7Glossary of Literary Terms in back (pages R21-30)Workbook pages students removed and should have in English binder
3 Fictionnarrative prose about characters and events from the author’s imaginationbasic elementssettingplotCharactersDialoguepoint of viewtheme
4 Setting time and place a story takes place Setting can also establish social, cultural, or economic standards that affect charactersadd complications to the plotcontribute to the mood of the story
5 Plot sequence of events in the story ExpositionRising actionClimaxFalling actionResolution
6 ConflictA struggle between opposing forcesThis is the problem that sets off the sequence of actions I which rise to the Climax – the point of greatest intensity.
7 Internal and External Conflict Internal Conflict is a struggle within the mind of one characterExternal Conflict is between two characters, between a person and a group, or between a character and nature or fateConflicts are stated asMan vs. _______
8 Characterization Writers use different methods of revealing a character’s personality to the reader Direct Characterization – writers make direct statements about a character’s appearance, personality, goals, habits, or beliefsIndirect Characterization – Readers draw conclusions based on the character’s words, thoughts, actions, and interactions with others.
9 Point of View1st Person – told by narrator who is participating in the action3rd person – a voice outside the of the story narratesOmniscient – “all knowing” - can tell readers what each character is thinking / feelingLimited – sees the world through one character’s eyes and reveals only that character’s thoughts
10 Theme and Universal Theme underlying meaning or insight that an author conveys in a story Can be stated directly or implied A Universal Theme is a message about life that can be understood by most cultures. Examples: the important of honesty the danger of greed
11 Types of FictionShort stories - brief narratives, with carefully limited action that allows the writer to focus on one main plot complicationNovels - extended works of fiction that are usually organized into segments called chapterscan include subplots in addition to the main story line and may explore a number of characters in depthNovellas - intermediate works of fiction that are longer than short stories but are concise and focused than novels.
13 Elements of Nonfiction Tone - expresses an author’s attitude toward the subject and the reader. It is conveyed through choice of words and detailsPerspective - the author’s point of view on the subject, including the opinions that the author expresses and the source of the author’s information—whether general research, for example , or personal experiencePurpose - author’s reason for writing. It may be to persuade, to inform, to entertain, or to describe
14 NonfictionTypes of Nonfiction includeLiterary NonfictionsInformational Texts
15 Literary NonfictionLiterary Nonfiction – personal examples and ideas with factual information. Examples are Personal Essays and Biographies
16 Informational TextsExpository - present facts to increase the knowledge and understanding of an audience Examples are summaries and articlesPersuasive - written to influence the opinions or actions of an audience. Examples are speeches, debates, and advertisementsProcedural - explains a process. These texts often include visuals to help illustrate steps. Examples are instructions, recipes, and manuals