Presentation on theme: "Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, Christianity, Islam"— Presentation transcript:
1 Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, Christianity, Islam World ReligionsHinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, Christianity, Islam
2 Hinduism Time and Place: Prehistoric India Founder/Leader: Hinduism can not be traced back to one founder with a single set of ideasText: Vedas and Upanishads—The Vedas, was brought to India by the Aryans. Later, Hindu teachers tried to explain the meaning of the Vedas in the UpanishadsMonotheistic or Polytheistic?Brahman (spirit) takes many formsBrahma—The CreatorVishnu—The preserverShiva—The Destroyer
3 Basic Beliefs/Teachings Moksha—to achieve union w/ Brahman by freeing yourself from selfish desiresReincarnation—rebirth of the soul in order to meet mokshaKarma-- actions of a person’s life that affect his or her fate in the next life (what goes around, comes around)Dharma-- the religious and moral duties of an individualAhimsa—nonviolence. all people and things are part of Brahman and should be respected
4 JudaismTime & Place—Palestine (Canaan) around 2000 B.C.E, Fertile Crescent, Hebrews go to EgyptFounder—AbrahamMoses led Hebrews on Exodus from slavery in EgyptDavid united Hebrews into one nation (Jerusalem becomes capital of Israel)Text: Torah (Old Testament)FIRST MONOTHEISTIC RELIGIONGod = Yahweh
5 Basic Beliefs/Teachings 10 CommandmentsStrong moral code of ethics/behaviorAbraham makes a covenant : an agreement with GodIf Abraham and his followers followed God, God would lead them to the promise landDiaspora-The Babylonians conquer Israel and force the Jews out, and they scatter all over the world.
6 Buddhism Time/Place-- Northern India (500’s BCE) Founder—Siddartha GautamaTexts--Tripitaka(Three Baskets of WisdomMonotheistic/Polytheistic?NONE! Goal is to reach nirvana/enlightenment (end of reincarnation)
7 Basic Beliefs/Teachings Four Noble TruthsEveryone suffers and knows sorrowWe suffer because of our desiresWe can end our suffering by eliminating our desiresWe can eliminate our desires by following the Eightfold PathEightfold PathRight views, aspirations, speech, conduct, livelihood, effort, mindfulness and contemplation.Nonviolence towards living things.
8 Christianity Time/Place-- Palestine C.E. 30. Roman Empire Founder—Jesus Christ (Son of God, Messiah)Paul was 1st missionary foundation of the Christian Church.Apostles/Disciples – Jesus’ followersText-- The Bible (Old and New Testament)Monotheistic
9 Basic Beliefs/Teachings Jesus is the son of God and savior for all humankind.Preaches: forgiveness, kindness love, Salvation available to anyone who believes.Also uses the 10 commandments.
10 Islam Time/Place– Arabian Peninsula C.E. 622 Founder– Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)Text– Qu’ranMonotheisticAllah = Arabic word for God
11 Basic Beliefs/Teachings Five Pillars of IslamConfession of FaithPray 5x a day, facing MeccaCharity to the poorFast during RamadanPilgrimage to Mecca (Hajj)Consider Jews and Christians “People of the Book” and accepts their prophets