2 NewbornThe first month of life.Completelydependent on caregivers
3 A child from birth to 1 year of age. InfantA child from birth to 1 year of age.Triple birthweightGain 10 inches in heightSit, stand, crawlLearn through senses
4 One, two, and three year-old children. ToddlersOne, two, and three year-old children.Gain 10 lb in weight and 8 inches heightWalk, run, climb, jumpAsk many questionsMay have temper tantrums
5 Preschool Children who are three, four, and five years old. Gain 8-10 lbs. in weight, 4-6 in in heightRide a tricycleUse a fork and spoonCount to 20Play well with others.
6 School-Age Children who are 5 to 10 years of age. Can understand and use more than2,000 words
7 Skills children learn as they grow. Developmental TasksSkills children learn as they grow.Include physical, mental, social and emotional skills.
8 Stages of DevelopmentAges during which a child learns to perform certain tasks.Development occurs in an orderly way and in different areas( physical, mental) simultaneously
9 Physical DevelopmentGrowing bigger and learning to control body muscles.Walking, running, and climbing are examples of this type of development.Most rapid during infancy
10 Mental / Intellectual Development The ability to think and use the mind.Language is the most important mental skill.Learning to pay attention and remembering things.Creativity, decision making and problem solving.
11 School age children develop a conscience Moral DevelopmentLearn the difference between right and wrong.School age children develop a conscience
12 Social/ Emotional Development Social -Learn to relate to other children and adultsEmotional – Learn to express feelingsMay be afraid of strangersWant to do things without helpTemper tantrumsLearn to follow rulesment.
13 CaregiverA person who is responsible for the care of another person (child) and meets their needs.May be paid or unpaidOften another term for parent
14 Play An activity that a person participates in because they choose to. RecreationPlay is the way that children learn about the world around them
15 Parallel Play Playing alongside of, rather than together. Very little interaction between children.
16 Solitary play An activity in which children play by themselves. A baby lying in their crib and playing with a mobile.
17 Group PlayPlaying with other children of all ages especially those their own age.
18 Hand-eye Coordination Skill in moving the hands in relation to what the eye sees.Eating, picking up blocks, batting a ball require hand-eye coordination.
19 Motor skills Skills that allow a baby to use and control body muscles Gross Motor:The large muscles of the body: arms and legs.Fine Motor:The small muscles of the body: fingers and hands.
20 Example- dolls, cars, toy dishes, etc. Imitative toysThese toys give children a chance to imitate others as they learn.Example- dolls, cars, toy dishes, etc.
21 Action ToysThese toys help children develop motor skills and coordination.Push/ pull toysBalls, riding toys
22 Example- blocks, boxes, etc. Imaginative ToysThese toys simulate the imagination and children be creative.Example- blocks, boxes, etc.
23 Objects to touch that have different textures and shapes. Sensory ToysObjects to touch that have different textures and shapes.
24 Activity you watch or listen to, but do not join in. Passive ActivityActivity you watch or listen to, but do not join in.
25 NurtureTo help children learn and develop by providing love, support, attention and encouragement.
26 Words or actions used to influence a child’s behavior. DisciplineWords or actions used to influence a child’s behavior.Help children learn to behave in acceptable ways.Another word for guidance.