How the storyline develops (exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, resolution)
The beginning of a story Sets the time and place and the reader is introduced to the characters
All the details that lead up to the climax Other words to know: Protagonist: main ‘good’ character in story Antagonist: villain or ‘bad’ character in story
Highest point of intensity or suspense in a story Some stories end here – these are open ended stories
Events leading from the climax to the ending of the story Ties up all the little details for the reader, things fall into place for the character
The ending of a story All the pieces are wrapped up Other terms: Foreshadowing – a hint of something to come later in the story Flashback – when a character remembers something that has already happened.
The subject is what the book is about. Usually one or two words. Thugs/Fights Mood/Tone The atmosphere the author is trying to create: Suspenseful, romantic, mysterious
This is the moral message of the story What does the author want you to learn A ‘bumper sticker’ type of slogan Examples: Things are not always what they seem Every man has a treasure DO NOT USE THE CHARACTERS OF A STORY IN THE THEME!!!
Main problem in the novel or story: External – man against someone or something Internal – man against himself (inside decisions) What is the main conflict in Rikki Tikki Tavi? What is the main conflict in Lemon Brown?
Writers often tell you more than they say directly. They give you hints or clues that help you "read between the lines." Using these clues to give you a deeper understanding of your reading is called inferring. When you infer, you go beyond the surface details to see other meanings that the details suggest or imply (not stated). When the meanings of words are not stated clearly in the context of the text, they may be implied - that is, suggested or hinted at. When meanings are implied, you may infer them. Inference is just a big word that means a conclusion or judgement
Third Person Point of View Here the narrator does not participate in the action of the story as one of the characters, but lets us know exactly how the characters feel. We learn about the characters through this outside voice. First Person Point of View In the first person point of view, the narrator does participate in the action of the story. When reading stories in the first person, we need to realize that what the narrator is recounting might not be the objective truth. We should question the trustworthiness of the accounting. Omniscient and Limited Omniscient Points of View A narrator who knows everything about all the characters is all knowing, or omniscient. A narrator whose knowledge is limited to one character, either major or minor, has a limited omniscient point of view.
What strategies should you take when reading passages?
Simile Metaphor Alliteration Personification
What kind of information do you need to make accurate predictions? What is the purpose of making predictions as you read?