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The Byzantine Empire World History I.

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Presentation on theme: "The Byzantine Empire World History I."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Byzantine Empire World History I

2 The Byzantine Empire – 565 C.E.

3 The New Eastern Empire When the Western Roman Empire fell in 476, the eastern empire still survived as the Byzantine Empire Lasted for 1000 years after fall of Rome Capital city – Constantinople Center of trade Easily fortified site on a peninsula bordering natural harbor

4 Constantinople - Center of Trade
Byzantine Empire became wealthy due to being center of trade

5 Justinian (ruled 527 – 565) Byzantine emperors enjoyed absolute power
Expanded empire Beautified Constantinople Created Justinian Code of Law Relied heavily on wife, Theodora, to help run empire

6 Justinian Conquers (Again)
Justinian reconquered lands lost by the Eastern Empire Lands included parts of Italy, Africa, and Spain

7 Rebuilt Constantinople
Justinian began rebuilding the capital, Constantinople, after being damaged in a revolt Rebuilt city walls Built schools, hospitals, courts, churches Most famous church and great architectural achievement was the Hagia Sophia

8 Hagia Sophia

9 Byzantine Art Greatly inspired by Christianity and imperial power
Icons – religious images Mosaics - the art of creating images using small pieces of colored glass, stone, or other material

10 Icons

11 Mosaics

12 Influence of Roman Law – Justinian Code
Justinian was highly influenced by Roman law Had 10 scholars look through thousands of Roman laws to develop own code of law Developed Justinian Code – uniform code of law based on Roman law Included laws on marriage, slavery, property, women’s rights, and crime Laws were strict but fair Gave same rights to everyone – rich or poor Highly influential – laws became model for lawmakers in Europe and our own laws

13 Influence of Roman and Greek Culture
Byzantines spoke Greek Studied Latin, Greek, Roman literature and history

14 Tension between Eastern and Western Christian Churches
Division of the Roman empire affected the Christian Church In the east – emperor had control over head of church Caused by different cultural practices Limited contact between areas Religious practices developed differently In the west – lack of emperor gave pope more responsibilities Western pope claimed control over all Christian churches in east and west Eastern church rejected authority of pope

15 The Church Divides Christian Church split in 1054
Known as “The Great Schism” Roman Catholic Church in the west Catholic – “universal” Latin – official language Eastern Orthodox Church in the east Orthodox – “holding established beliefs” Greek – official language Split led to creation of two separate European civilizations

16 Eastern Orthodox Church

17 Roman Catholic Church

18 Influence on Russia The Byzantine Empire greatly influenced Russia
Trade routes between Black Sea and Baltic Sea Byzantine missionaries established Orthodox Churches in Russia Russia and most of Eastern Europe adopted Orthodox Christianity as main religion Byzantine missionaries even created an alphabet, the Cyrillic alphabet, to write the Bible in Russian.

19 Russian Orthodox Church

20 Byzantine Empire Collapses
New Arabian religion of Islam began in 600s Muslims armies attacked Constantinople Civil wars, attacks by Ottoman Turks, Serbs, and Europeans hurt Byzantine Empire Only small section of empire remained by 1350 Ottoman Turks captured Constantinople in 1453 This officially ended the Byzantine Empire

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