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Prelude to Global War                                                Chapter 24 Section 1.

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Presentation on theme: "Prelude to Global War                                                Chapter 24 Section 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 Prelude to Global War                                                Chapter 24 Section 1

2 Fascism and Nazism Totalitarian
Benito “Il Duce” Mussolini Controls Italy The Blackshirts Becomes Dictator Invades Ethiopia Adolf Hitler Rules Germany Hitler joins National Socialist German Worker’s Party (Nazis Party) Attempted to take over Germany in 1923 Mein Kampf (“My Struggle”) Blamed Jews for Germany’s problems Encouraged increase in military Aryan race Der Fuhrer (“the leader”) Nazi party gains strength during the Great Depression Hitler become dictator

3 Europe Goes to War German troops move into the Rhineland
Axis Powers – Germany and Italy The German Empire Grows March 1938, Austria annexed Sudetenland Munich Conference France and Britain’s appeasement Czechoslovakia Soviet Union Poland September 1, 1939 – Hitler invades Poland Britain and France declare war on Germany

4 Europe Goes to War (cont.)
Blitzkrieg (“lighting war”) Hitler takes Poland in less than a month Stalin takes half of Poland for the Soviet Union Sitzkrieg (“sit-down war”) French build up the Maginot Line April 9, 1940 – Hitler attacks Denmark and Norway May 10 – Germany attacks Netherlands, Belgium, and France Take’s Paris on June 14, 1940 The Battle of Britain Luftwaffe vs. Royal Air Force (RAF) June 1940 – June 1941

5 Japan Japan Builds and Empire
Begins to take over China and other parts of Asia during the 1930’s and early 1940’s 1931 takes Manchuria Tripartite Pact Japan joins Axis Powers 1941 – separate peace with Soviet Union

6 The American Response FDR moves Pacific fleet to Pearl Harbor, Hawaii
America Remains Neutral Isolationism Neutrality Acts – “cash and carry” American Involvement Grows Selective Service Act Roosevelt wins third term Lend-Lease Act

7 Japan Attacks Pearl Harbor
U.S. warns Japan about further movements in Asia December 7, 1941 – “a date which will live in infamy” U.S. declares war on Japan U.S. enters World War II Germany and Italy declare war on the U.S.

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