2 The Rise of Dictators Countries in economic depression Dictators rise to powerDictator: a leader who gains complete control of a country’s governmentAdolf Hitler: Germany (1933)Benito Mussolini: Italy (1920s)Fascism: individual freedoms are denied and complete power is given to the government
4 The Axis Power Germany Italy Japan All believe in Racism (idea that one race, or group of people, is better than others)Germany makes SECRET agreement with Soviet Union’s leader, Joseph Stalin
5 Italy takes EthiopiaJapan takes ChinaGermany takes Austria and Czechnoslovakia
6 Allied Powers France Great Britain (Soon to be the United States) Protecting Poland(Soon to be the United States)MORE PROMISES: Hitler promises not to invade anymore countries, Allies let him keep what he has
7 World War II Begins Allied powers declare war September 1,1939World War II Begins Allied powers declare warHitler BREAKS his promise!Germany attacks PolandAllies declare war on Germany, the rest join in.
8 Allied Powers Struggle France falls to Germany in June 1940Great Britain aloneShould USA join?Think of some reasons people would want to go to war or would not want to go to war.
9 The Debate at Home Bombs threatening lives overseas Winston Churchill: leader of the British governmentGreat Britain pleading with US to join the war
10 The Debate at Home Most Americans said NO! focus on home President Roosevelt wants to help BritainPresident Franklin D. Roosevelt agrees to the Lend-LeaseGives Britain permission to use military supplies at no charge
11 How do you think people felt? America is getting involved!How do you think people felt?
12 Declaring War Britain won Battle of Britain 1941 Japan’s leader, Hideki Tojo, believed USA standing in Japan’s wayDecember 7, 1941, US naval base in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii bombedEVERYONE calling for war
14 USA Enters the War United States declares war on Japan Germany and Italy declare war on United States (Axis powers)“A date which will live in infamy.” Roosevelt(Infamy: something is known as shocking or evil)
15 Axis Advances Look at map on p. 346 U.S.S.R.: Union of Soviet Socialist RepublicsSoviet Union also had a dictatorJoseph Stalin: allied with Hitler at first
16 Soviet Union Changes Sides Stalin made agreements with HitlerBoth attacked Poland and splitHitler invaded Soviet UnionStalin joins the AlliesAmerican supported the Soviets with suppliesAxis PowersAllied Powers
17 The Draft Not enough men to fight Draft solved problem 10 million men drafted during World War II