Presentation on theme: "Introduction of WWII 1936-1945. Prelude to Global War Totalitarian – Gov. used terror to suppress rights & silence opposition. Fascism – importance."— Presentation transcript:
Prelude to Global War Totalitarian – Gov. used terror to suppress rights & silence opposition. Fascism – importance of nation over people. – Germany & Italy rebuild countries & economy HITLERMUSSOLINISTALIN
Benito Mussolini – Il Duce Felt Italy lost in Peace agreements – WWI Organized Fascists – Blackshirts to terrorize Order & Efficiency restore Italy to Greatness. – Suspended elections – Outlaw political parties – Estab. Dictatorship – Conquered Ethiopia in East Africa Believed he should be emperor of the world
Adolf Hitler – Dur Furher National Socialist Worker’s Party - NAZI Tried to overthrow gov. Mein Kampf – – Blamed Jews – Expand borders – Aryan race – Promise to rebuild German Economy Reichstag – Suspend civil liberties & declare dictator
Joseph Stalin Dictator of Soviet Union. Wanted to attain land to add to Soviet wealth. Joined forces with Hitler.
FDR & Churchill FDR – U.S. President during WWII. Churchill – British Prime Minister. United in WWII.
Japanese Leaders Hirohito Emperor of Japan Hideki Tojo – Prime Minister had more power TOJO HIROHITO
Europe goes to war 1936 German troops move to Rhineland – Borders France & Belguim Hitler & Muss. Form AXIS POWERS – Japan Conquered Austria, Studenland, Czech. France & Britain pledged support to Poland. 2 months later Germany invaded Poland. France & Britain declare war on Germany.
The Nazi Party 1936-Nazi party official party of Germany. Established Gestapo & SS – Above the law. Coordinated attacks on Jews Kristallnacht – Night of Broken Glass – 7500 Businesses destroyed – 267 Synagogues burned – 91 Jews killed.
The War 1938 – Germany unites with Austria Together they invade Sudetenland (Czechoslovakia) 1939 – Germany, Italy, & Soviets unite for the common good of the Third Reicht. Poland & Britain sign Mutual Assistance Treaty. 1939 – Sept. Nazis invade Poland.
The War…1940 Britain, France, Australia, & New Zealand declare war on Nazis. U.S.A. remains neutral. Soviets attack Finland. Germany attacks Scotland Nazis invade Denmark, Norway, France, Belgium, Luxemburg, Holland, &Netherlands.
1940 continued Soviets attack Lithuania, Latvia, &Estonia. Italians occupy Somalia in North Africa & invades Egypt & Greece. German Blitz against England.
1941 Nazis order Jews to wear Yellow Stars Germany turns on Soviets. Lend-Lease Act – authorized President to aid any nation vital to US Dec. 7, 1941 - Japan bombs Pearl Harbor. U.S.A. enters the war.
Deportation 1942 – First of mass murders at Auschwitz. 100 camps. Men, Women, & Children. Labor Camps All across Europe.
1943 Soviets join Allied forces. Nazis surrender at Stalingrad. German and Italian troops surrender in North Africa. Italian surrender is announced.
1944 900 day siege on Leningrad over. June 4 -D-Day landings. August – Paris Liberation. 1 st liberation of Concentration Camps.
1945 German troops retreat. Liberation of more camps. Hitler commits suicide. Mussolini hanged Nuremburg Trials begin.