3 Effects of the Fall of Rome’s Central Government Decline of Civilization – Unifying hegemony (Influence of power and culture) of Rome is gonePeople flee cities due to neglect and invasions. Many move to the country to seek protectionRoads and public works fall into disrepair and are not protected.Trade decreases Trade routes no longer controlled by RomeClassical learning is kept in the church. Language of the Church is in Latin which was not the language of the common personOnce powerful uniting central Gov. of Rome is replaced with feudalism
4 Middle Ages: The period between ancient times and modern times during A.D. 476– AD with the official fall of the Roman Empire marks the start of the Middle Ages Medieval – from the Latin Mid Avum meaning Middle Ages Medieval refers to life and culture during the Middle Ages
5 Early Middle Age Figures After winning a battle in 496, King Clovis, First King to convert to Christianity, established a Christian kingdom in Western Europe.It was one of many kingdoms that developed when Roman authority collapsed.Charlemagne 724 – 814 AD – the grandson of Charles Martel briefly united Western Europe building an empire stretching across France and GermanyVikings – Expert sailors from Scandinavia who raided European river towns starting in the late 700s
6 Charles Martel – a Frankish leader who rallied warriors to push Muslims out of France and Western Europe in the. Battle of Tours 732 AD
7 What replaced the Roman Empire? When the unifying force of the Roman empire disappeared from Western Europe, Germanic kingdoms replaced it.Greco-Roman, Germanic, and Christian traditions blended during the Middle Ages.
8 Many Germanic tribes conquered parts of the Roman empire. Lots of fighting for power and landAt the same time, Muslims were creating a new civilization and empire in the Mediterranean region.After converting to Christianity, Clovis earned the support of his subjects in Gaul and the pope in Rome.
9 Charlemagne, Martel’s grandson, briefly united Western Europe. Pope Leo 3rd in Rome, crowned Charlemagne Holy Roman Emperor Christmas day 800 ADCharlemagne was a skilled leader who revived Latin learning and brought scholars to his court.Charlemagne Video
10 Charlemagne spread Christianity to conquered people throughout his kingdom and set up a strong, efficient government.However, the pope’s action angered the emperor in Constantinople and deepened the split between east and west.
11 Muslim armies overran Christian lands and crossed into France. Charles Martel led Frankish warriors in the battle of Tours to push them back.
12 After Charlemagne’s death 814 his empire was split up After Charlemagne’s death 814 his empire was split up. His incompetent heirs faced waves of invasions from Vikings
13 These Scandinavian people were expert sailors. Charlemagne’s empire broke apart even more when the Vikings began attacking European coastal and river towns.These Scandinavian people were expert sailors.They opened trade routes linking northern Europe to the Mediterranean.Eventually Vikings become Christians
19 The power and structure of the Church was hierarchal: Constantine set up the church in the same way his government was. Later the doctrine of Papal Supremacy put the power of the Pope above the King
21 The Roman Catholic Church was the Central Focus for Each Christian during Medieval Life People needed the Church throughout their lives (Birth to Death) in order to go to heavenSacraments: holy rites which had to be performed by bishops, priestsBaptism at birth :Bishop, priestEucharist Bishop or priestMarriage – Bishop or PriestPenance (Confession) Bishop or priestAnointing of the Sick Bishop or priestLast Rites before death Bishop or Priest