2 Germanic KingdomsBetween 400 and 700 A.D., the Germanic tribes carved up western Europe into small kingdoms.
3 The Franks were the strongest and most successful of the Germanic kingdoms. Frankish kings used military power to expand their territory.
4 Clovis became king of the Franks. Conquered the former Roman province of Gaul.He converted to Christianity and gained a powerful ally, the Roman Catholic Church.
5 The Roman Catholic Church grew in importance after Roman authority declined. The Church became the unifying force in Western Europe.
6 During the Middle Ages, the Pope anointed the Holy Roman Emperors. Missionaries carried Christianity and Latin alphabet to the Germanic tribes.
7 Charlemagne, Charles the Great, built a short-lived empire reaching across France, Germany, and a part of Italy.
8 Crushing rebellious Roman nobles, Crushing rebellious Roman nobles, Pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne as Holy Roman Emperor in 800 A.D.
9 His military conquests helped to spread Christianity and the blending of German, Roman, and Christian traditions throughout Western Europe.
10 As a brilliant leader he was concerned with learning and set up a palace school in Aachen with emphasis based on Latin learning.
11 Upon his death, Charlemagne’s Empire was divided much like Alexander the Great’s Empire.
12 New Invasions in Western Europe Invasions by the Vikings, Magyars, Angles, and Saxons disrupted the social, economic, and political order of Europe.
13 Areas of SettlementVikingsWere expert sailors and ferocious fighters that originated in Scandinavia and looted and burned communities from Ireland to Russia.
14 Scandinavian countries include: Norway, Finland, Sweden, and Denmark.
15 MagyarsThey were nomadic people that overran Central Asia and then blundered parts of Germany and France.
16 After 50 years they were turned back and settled into what is present day Hungary.
17 Angles and SaxonsAngles and Saxons were Germanic tribes that invaded England (Angles Land).
18 Influences of these invasions: These invasions disrupted trade, towns declined, and the feudal system was strengthened.
19 Manors with castles provided protection from invaders, reinforcing the feudal system.
20 Feudalism in EuropeThe decline of Roman influence in Western Europe left people with little protection against invasions, so they entered into feudal agreements with landholding lords who promised them protection.
21 Feudal Society During The Middle Ages A new Social Order. Based on a rigid class system.KingLordsKnightsVassalsSerfs (peasants)
22 Feudalism was based on mutual obligations Feudalism was based on mutual obligations. In exchange for military protection and other services, a lord, or landowner, granted land called a fief.The lords were seen to have the power. Kings were a figure head with very little power or control over the people.
23 The person receiving this land, fief, is a vassal The person receiving this land, fief, is a vassal. A vassal in return would pledge his loyalty and service to the lord.
24 Knights were mounted warriors who pledged to defend their lords’ lands in exchange for a fief.
25 Serfs were peasants. They were bound to the land Serfs were peasants. They were bound to the land. The serfs worked the land for the protection of the lords. Most of the population were peasants.
26 Manorial System During the Middle Ages Manors were the lords’ estates. It was the basic economic system.Manors were a self-sufficient community. Everything one needed was obtained within the manor. From crops, clothing, fuel, to a water source.
27 Influence of the Roman Catholic Church: With the decline of the Roman Empire, the Roman Catholic Church grew in importance.The Church hoped to influence both spiritually and politically with the crowning of Charlemagne.
28 It became the unifying force in western Europe. Monasteries preserved Greco-Roman cultural achievements.Missionaries carried Christianity and Latin alphabet to Germanic tribes.
29 The Church served the social, political, and religious needs of the people. Clergy, which consisted of Priest and Nuns, assisted the people in many of their needs. Such as aiding the sick and the poor.
30 The Church and the Monarchs competed for power. Vs.
31 Roman Catholic Church Ranking Clergy are religious officials.Pope heads the Church.Bishops and priest were under his authority.Sacrements - important religious ceremonies. These rites paved the way to salvation.
32 The Pope would often threaten excommunication - banishment from the church - to gain power from the monarchs.