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Theoretical Perspectives in Sociology

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Presentation on theme: "Theoretical Perspectives in Sociology"— Presentation transcript:

1 Theoretical Perspectives in Sociology
Marriage and Divorce in American society


3 Marriage is a sacred American institution?
Right? ???????

4 The climbing divorce rate in the U.S

5 Sociologist use three major theories.
Symbolic Interactionism Functional Conflict Theory Each theoretical perspective offers different explanations of social life.

6 We will examine the increase of divorces in the U. S
We will examine the increase of divorces in the U.S. through the three theoretical perspectives of sociology. First,Symbolic Interactionism Then, Functional Analysis Finally, Conflict Theory

7 Symbolic Interactionism.
First, a look at marriage and divorce in the U.S. using Symbolic Interactionism.

8 Symbolic Interactionism
The theoretical perspective in which society is viewed as composed of symbols that people use to establish meaning, develop their views of the world, and communicate with one another

9 How people group their experiences into symbols.
For example: How would you react if you passed one of the following people with your shirt not tucked in? What symbols have you created through your experiences?

10 Symbols: things in our physical and social environment that we attach meanings to.
Make social life possible. Define the relationships in our life. Symbols allow us to coordinate our action with others.

11 Without symbols we would not be able to make plans for a future date, time and place.
Meanings of symbols are constantly changing and evolving as people interact through time.

12 The three premises of Symbolic Interactionism
1. Human beings act towards things on the basis of the meanings these things have for them. 2. Such meanings arise out of the interaction of the individual with others. 3. An interpretive process is used by the person in each instance in which he must deal with things in his environment.

13 Now, we will reach an understanding of the rise in the U. S
Now, we will reach an understanding of the rise in the U.S. divorce rate through the principles of Symbolic Interactionism.

14 We will examine marriage and divorce through these symbols:
Emotional satisfaction the love symbol the meaning of children the meaning of parenthood marital roles perception of alternatives meaning of divorce changes in the law

15 Good Wife Guide (1955)

16 At one time, marriage was seen as a life long commitment and divorce was seen as...
An immoral act a disregard for public opinion an abandonment of adult responsibilities a shameful act for the entire family

17 Functional Analysis Society is viewed as composed of various parts, each with a function that, when fulfilled, contributes to society’s equilibrium

18 Basics of Functional Analysis
The Structure The Function of each part.

19 Changing Functions of U.S. Family
Due to industrialization and urbanization Economic production Socialization of children Care of sick and elderly Recreation Sexual control of members Reproduction

20 Rise in the U.S. Divorce Rate
Is related to the dwindling function of the U.S. family.

21 Conflict Theory What is Karl Marx’s view on the social history of man?
Identify and describe Karl Marx’s “two great hostile camps”. What Role did the discovery of America play in the growth of the bourgeoisie?

22 Conflict Theory Describe Marx’s explanation of the relationship between fathers, mothers and children within a capitalistic society. What is Marx’s explanation for what we currently call the “global community’?

23 Conflict Theory What does Marx mean by, “It (the bourgeoisie) has converted the physician, the lawyer, the priest, the poet, the man of science into its paid wage laborers”?

24 Conflict Thory Society is composed of groups competing for scarce resources. Karl Marx Bourgeoisie: small group of capitalist who own the means of production

25 Conflict Theory Proletariat: Masses of workers exploited by the capitalist Contemporary view: All relationships contain a conflict based on power and control.

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